French Sentence of the Day

Sentence

Il n'y a personne ici.

Translation

There is nobody here.



Analysis


il
     1. pron. he (third-person singular masculine subject pronoun for human subject)
     2. pron. it (third-person singular subject pronoun for grammatically masculine objects)
     3. pron. Impersonal subject; it
ne
     1. part. (literary) not (used alone to negate a verb; now chiefly with the verbs pouvoir, savoir, cesser and oser)
     2. part. not, no (used before a verb, with a subsequent element following; see Usage Notes, below)
     3. part. Used in a subordinate clause before a subjunctive verb (especially when the main verb expresses doubt or fear), to provide extra overtones of doubt or uncertainty (but not negating its verb); the so-c
     4. part. In comparative clauses usually translated with the positive sense of the subsequent negative
y
     1. pron. there (at a place)
     2. pron. there, thither (to there)
     3. pron. ngd, Used as a pronoun to replace à followed by an indirect object.
     4. pron.          With verbs: see for verbs which use this structure.
     5. pron. (archaic) With adjectives. Only used with handful of adjectives (the most usual being y compris, which is a special case), mainly in juridical language.
     6. pron. (Quebec, France, colloquial) He: alternative form of il
     7. pron. (Quebec, France, colloquial) They: alternative form of ils
     8. pron. (Quebec, colloquial) They: alternative form of elles
a
     1. pron. (Quebec, colloquial) alternative form of elle she
     2. v. third-person singular present indicative of avoir
     avoir
          1. n. asset, possession
          2. v. to have (to own; to possess)
          3. v. (intransitive, with à) to have (to), must
          4. v. (auxiliary) to have (auxiliary verb to form compound past tenses of most verbs)
          5. v. to have (a condition)
          6. v. to have (a measure or age)
          7. v. to have (to trick)
          8. v. to have (to participate in an experience)
il y a
     1. v. there is, there are
     2. prep. ago
y a
     1. v. (colloquial)contraction of il y a
y avoir
     1. v. (impersonal, transitive) there be
personne
     1. n. person
     2. pron. (with ne) no one, nobody
     3. pron. anyone
ici
     1. adv. here


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