Common Spanish Words

A list of the most common Spanish words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Spanish.

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1 de
     1. prep. of; ’s; used after the thing owned and before the owner
           Constitución española de 1812 - Spanish constitution of 1812
           la cola del perro - the dog’s tail
     2. prep. from
           Soy de España. - I’m from Spain.
y de la discusión
de un león dormido
2 la
     1. art. the
     2. pron. of es acc, ello (when the antecedent's implied gender is feminine), and usted (when referring to a woman); her, it, you (formal), ello (when the antecedent's implied gender is feminine), and usted (wh
     3. pron. Impersonal neuter pronoun (accusative) in certain colloquial phrases: 'it', 'this'.
           La sabe toda.
             He/she knows everything (it all)
la vio un cazador
la zorra y el mono
3 que
     1. conj. that
           Él dice que está triste. - He says that he/she is sad.
     2. conj. than
           Llego más tarde que tú. - I am arriving later than you.
     3. conj. indicating a reason, roughly because
que sin duda
hasta que al fin
4 y
     1. conj. and
     2. conj. (in names of number) and
           setenta y seis - seventy-six
     3. conj. (in arithmetic) plus, and
           uno y uno son dos - one plus one is two
y el león
y más segura
5 el
     1. art. Masculine singular definite article; the.
     2. art. Feminine singular definite article used before nouns which start with a stressed 'a':
           el alma, pl. las almas
           el hacha, pl. las hachas
y el mono
y el león
6 a
     1. prep. to
     2. prep. by
     3. prep. at
     4. prep. Used before words referring to people, pets, or personified objects or places that function as direct objects: personal a.
           Lo busca a usted. - He is looking for you.
a una campaña
buscando a ver
7 en
     1. prep. in, at, on
           Estoy en casa. - I'm at home.
           Estoy sentado en la computadora. - I'm sitting at the computer.
           en esta página - on this page
           en la caja en la mesa - in the box on the table
y confía en tí
uno puso en fuga
8 se
     1. pron. (Third person (also used for usted and ustedes) reflexive direct or indirect object) oneself, himself, herself, itself, yourself; each other; one another
     2. pron. (Also used to convey the meaning of the English passive voice in the third person and with) usted and ustedes.
           ¿Cómo se llama? — “What is your name?” formal (Literally, “How do you call yourself?”)
           Se dice que... — “It is said that...” (Literally, “It says itself that...”)
           Aquí se habla español — Spanish is spoken here or They speak Spanish here. (Literally, “Spanish speaks itself here.”)
y se secó
y se llevó
9 los
     1. art. the
           ¿Qué hacen los muchachos?
             "What do the boys do?".
     2. pron. of es acc and ustedes (when referring to more than one man); them, you all (formal) and ustedes (when referring to more than one man); them, you all (formal)
     3. pron. Plural masculine or neuter pronoun, e.g. los que no hablan, "those who do not speak".
los lobos
y los lobos
10 un
     1. adj. (before the noun) apocopic form of uno one
     2. art. a
a un matorral
un grueso leño
11 no
     1. adv. no
     2. adv. not
     3. interj. eh? (used as a tag question, to emphasise what goes before or to request that the listener express an opinion about what has been said)
     4. n-m. no
     5. n. (abbreviation of número); no.
el jabalí no
mas no tardó
12 con
     1. prep. with
     2. prep. on
           Yo cuento con ustedes. - I count on you.
y juego con él
con la idea de que eso
13 su
     1. adj. (before the noun) apocopic form of suyo His, her, its, one's, their.
           Vino con su amigo. (He came with his friend.)
           Habló a sus hijas. (He spoke to his daughters.)
     2. adj. (before the noun, formal) apocopic form of suyo Your.
     3. adv. About, approximately.
su plan
por su cantidad
14 las
     1. art. the
     2. pron. of es acc and ustedes (when referring to more than one woman); them, you all (formal) and ustedes (when referring to more than one woman); them, you all (formal)
     3. pron. feminine plural pronoun.
           las que no hablan - those (women) who do not speak.
     4. n. plural of la
cansadas las ranas
las luchas inútiles
15 por
     1. prep. by (indicates the creator of a work)
           La novela Cien años de Soledad fue escrita por Gabriel García Márquez. - The novel One Hundred Years of Solitude was written by Gabriel García Márquez.
     2. prep. for (indicates something given in an exchange)
           Lo compré por cincuenta euros. - I bought this for fifty euros.
     3. prep. through
por fin
por el peligro
16 del
     1. contraction. of the, from the (+ a masculine noun in singular).
la del pantano
y la del camino
     de
          1. prep. of; ’s; used after the thing owned and before the owner
          2. prep. from
     el
          1. art. Masculine singular definite article; the.
          2. art. Feminine singular definite article used before nouns which start with a stressed 'a':
17 una
     1. adj. feminine singular of adjective uno
     2. art. feminine singular of un
     3. n. feminine noun of uno
     4. pron. we (an indefinite plural pronoun using a singular feminine item, used for females)
     5. v. second-person singular imperative of unir
una a una
una a una
     un
          1. adj. (before the noun) apocopic form of uno one
          2. art. a
18 lo
     1. art. neuter definite article used to make abstract nouns from adjectives; the
           lo pobre
             the poorness (about)
             the poor (thing about)
             that (which is) poor (about)
por lo cual
lo llamó el lobo
19 al
al otro
al verlo
     a
          1. prep. to
          2. prep. by
          3. prep. at
          4. prep. Used before words referring to people, pets, or personified objects or places that function as direct objects: personal a.
     el
          1. art. Masculine singular definite article; the.
          2. art. Feminine singular definite article used before nouns which start with a stressed 'a':
20 para
     1. prep. for (for the purpose of)
     2. prep. to
     3. v. third-person singular present indicative of parar
     4. v. informal second-person singular affirmative imperative of parar
     5. v. first-person singular present subjunctive of parir
sino para el de un toro
para que no seas atrapado
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary