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Conjugation of the Italian verb pensare

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb pensare, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
pensareto think

Present Indicative
io pensoI think
tu pensiyou think
lui pensahe thinks
lei pensashe thinks
noi pensiamowe think
voi pensateyou think
loro pensanothey think

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto pensandoI am thinking
tu stai pensandoyou are thinking
lui sta pensandohe is thinking
lei sta pensandoshe is thinking
noi stiamo pensandowe are thinking
voi state pensandoyou are thinking
loro stanno pensandothey are thinking

Imperfect Indicative
io pensavoI was thinking
tu pensaviyou were thinking
lui pensavahe was thinking
lei pensavashe was thinking
noi pensavamowe were thinking
voi pensavateyou were thinking
loro pensavanothey were thinking

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io pensaiI thought
tu pensastiyou thought
lui pensòhe thought
lei pensòshe thought
noi pensammowe thought
voi pensasteyou thought
loro pensaronothey thought

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho pensatoI thought
tu hai pensatoyou thought
lui ha pensatohe thought
lei ha pensatoshe thought
noi abbiamo pensatowe thought
voi avete pensatoyou thought
loro hanno pensatothey thought

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo pensatoI had thought
tu avevi pensatoyou had thought
lui aveva pensatohe had thought
lei aveva pensatoshe had thought
noi avevamo pensatowe had thought
voi avevate pensatoyou had thought
loro avevano pensatothey had thought

Future Indicative
io penseròI will think
tu penseraiyou will think
lui penseràhe will think
lei penseràshe will think
noi penseremowe will think
voi pensereteyou will think
loro penserannothey will think

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò pensatoI will have thought
tu avrai pensatoyou will have thought
lui avrà pensatohe will have thought
lei avrà pensatoshe will have thought
noi avremo pensatowe will have thought
voi avrete pensatoyou will have thought
loro avranno pensatothey will have thought

Conditional
io pensereiI would think
tu penserestiyou would think
lui penserebbehe would think
lei penserebbeshe would think
noi penseremmowe would think
voi penseresteyou would think
loro penserebberothey would think

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei pensatoI would have thought
tu avresti pensatoyou would have thought
lui avrebbe pensatohe would have thought
lei avrebbe pensatoshe would have thought
noi avremmo pensatowe would have thought
voi avreste pensatoyou would have thought
loro avrebbero pensatothey would have thought

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io pensi(... that) I think
(... che) tu pensi(... that) you think
(... che) lui pensi(... that) he thinks
(... che) lei pensi(... that) she thinks
(... che) noi pensiamo(... that) we think
(... che) voi pensiate(... that) you think
(... che) loro pensino(... that) they think

Imperfect Subjunctive
(... che) je pensassi(... that) I was thinking
(... che) tu pensassi(... that) you were thinking
(... che) il pensasse(... that) he was thinking
(... che) elle pensasse(... that) she was thinking
(... che) nous pensassimo(... that) we were thinking
(... che) vous pensaste(... that) you were thinking
(... che) ils pensassero(... that) they were thinking
(... che) elles pensassero(... that) they were thinking

Imperative
pensa Think
pensiamoLet's think
pensate Think

Present Participle
pensante thinking

Past Participle
pensato thought


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