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Conjugation of the Italian verb capire

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb capire, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
capireto understand

Present Indicative
io capiscoI understand
tu capisciyou understand
lui capiscehe understands
lei capisceshe understands
noi capiamowe understand
voi capiteyou understand
loro capisconothey understand

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto capendoI am understanding
tu stai capendoyou are understanding
lui sta capendohe is understanding
lei sta capendoshe is understanding
noi stiamo capendowe are understanding
voi state capendoyou are understanding
loro stanno capendothey are understanding

Imperfect Indicative
io capivoI was understanding
tu capiviyou were understanding
lui capivahe was understanding
lei capivashe was understanding
noi capivamowe were understanding
voi capivateyou were understanding
loro capivanothey were understanding

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io capiiI understood
tu capistiyou understood
lui capìhe understood
lei capìshe understood
noi capimmowe understood
voi capisteyou understood
loro capironothey understood

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho capitoI understood
tu hai capitoyou understood
lui ha capitohe understood
lei ha capitoshe understood
noi abbiamo capitowe understood
voi avete capitoyou understood
loro hanno capitothey understood

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo capitoI had understood
tu avevi capitoyou had understood
lui aveva capitohe had understood
lei aveva capitoshe had understood
noi avevamo capitowe had understood
voi avevate capitoyou had understood
loro avevano capitothey had understood

Future Indicative
io capiròI will understand
tu capiraiyou will understand
lui capiràhe will understand
lei capiràshe will understand
noi capiremowe will understand
voi capireteyou will understand
loro capirannothey will understand

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò capitoI will have understood
tu avrai capitoyou will have understood
lui avrà capitohe will have understood
lei avrà capitoshe will have understood
noi avremo capitowe will have understood
voi avrete capitoyou will have understood
loro avranno capitothey will have understood

Conditional
io capireiI would understand
tu capirestiyou would understand
lui capirebbehe would understand
lei capirebbeshe would understand
noi capiremmowe would understand
voi capiresteyou would understand
loro capirebberothey would understand

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io capisca(... that) I understand
(... che) tu capisca(... that) you understand
(... che) lui capisca(... that) he understands
(... che) lei capisca(... that) she understands
(... che) noi capiamo(... that) we understand
(... che) voi capiate(... that) you understand
(... che) loro capiscano(... that) they understand

Imperfect Subjunctive
(... che) je capissi(... that) I was understanding
(... che) tu capissi(... that) you were understanding
(... che) il capisse(... that) he was understanding
(... che) elle capisse(... that) she was understanding
(... che) nous capissimo(... that) we were understanding
(... che) vous capiste(... that) you were understanding
(... che) ils capissero(... that) they were understanding
(... che) elles capissero(... that) they were understanding

Imperative
capisci Understand
capiamoLet's understand
capite Understand

Present Participle
capente understanding

Past Participle
capito understood


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