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Conjugation of the Italian verb cambiare

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb cambiare, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
cambiareto change

Present Indicative
io cambioI change
tu cambiyou change
lui cambiahe changes
lei cambiashe changes
noi cambiamowe change
voi cambiateyou change
loro cambianothey change

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto cambiandoI am changing
tu stai cambiandoyou are changing
lui sta cambiandohe is changing
lei sta cambiandoshe is changing
noi stiamo cambiandowe are changing
voi state cambiandoyou are changing
loro stanno cambiandothey are changing

Imperfect Indicative
io cambiavoI was changing
tu cambiaviyou were changing
lui cambiavahe was changing
lei cambiavashe was changing
noi cambiavamowe were changing
voi cambiavateyou were changing
loro cambiavanothey were changing

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io cambiaiI changed
tu cambiastiyou changed
lui cambiòhe changed
lei cambiòshe changed
noi cambiammowe changed
voi cambiasteyou changed
loro cambiaronothey changed

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho cambiatoI changed
tu hai cambiatoyou changed
lui ha cambiatohe changed
lei ha cambiatoshe changed
noi abbiamo cambiatowe changed
voi avete cambiatoyou changed
loro hanno cambiatothey changed

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo cambiatoI had changed
tu avevi cambiatoyou had changed
lui aveva cambiatohe had changed
lei aveva cambiatoshe had changed
noi avevamo cambiatowe had changed
voi avevate cambiatoyou had changed
loro avevano cambiatothey had changed

Future Indicative
io cambieròI will change
tu cambieraiyou will change
lui cambieràhe will change
lei cambieràshe will change
noi cambieremowe will change
voi cambiereteyou will change
loro cambierannothey will change

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò cambiatoI will have changed
tu avrai cambiatoyou will have changed
lui avrà cambiatohe will have changed
lei avrà cambiatoshe will have changed
noi avremo cambiatowe will have changed
voi avrete cambiatoyou will have changed
loro avranno cambiatothey will have changed

Conditional
io cambiereiI would change
tu cambierestiyou would change
lui cambierebbehe would change
lei cambierebbeshe would change
noi cambieremmowe would change
voi cambieresteyou would change
loro cambierebberothey would change

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei cambiatoI would have changed
tu avresti cambiatoyou would have changed
lui avrebbe cambiatohe would have changed
lei avrebbe cambiatoshe would have changed
noi avremmo cambiatowe would have changed
voi avreste cambiatoyou would have changed
loro avrebbero cambiatothey would have changed

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io cambi(... that) I change
(... che) tu cambi(... that) you change
(... che) lui cambi(... that) he changes
(... che) lei cambi(... that) she changes
(... che) noi cambiamo(... that) we change
(... che) voi cambiate(... that) you change
(... che) loro cambino(... that) they change

Imperfect Subjunctive
(... che) je cambiassi(... that) I was changing
(... che) tu cambiassi(... that) you were changing
(... che) il cambiasse(... that) he was changing
(... che) elle cambiasse(... that) she was changing
(... che) nous cambiassimo(... that) we were changing
(... che) vous cambiaste(... that) you were changing
(... che) ils cambiassero(... that) they were changing
(... che) elles cambiassero(... that) they were changing

Imperative
cambia Change
cambiamoLet's change
cambiate Change

Present Participle
cambiante changing

Past Participle
cambiato changed


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