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German Sentence of the Day

Sentence

Und bist du am Tag der Prüfung krank, musst du ein (ärztliches) Attest beibringen, dass du krank bist.

Translation

And if you're sick on the day of the test, you must provide a (doctor's) note showing that you are sick.



Analysis


und
     conj. (co-ordinating) and
     interj. so?, now?
bist
     v. second-person singular present of sein
     sein
          v. (with a predicate adjective or predicate nominative) to be
          v. (with a predicate adjective and an indirect object) to feel (to experience a certain condition)
          v. (auxiliary) forms the present perfect and past perfect tense of certain intransitive verbs
          v. (intransitive) to exist; there be; to be alive
          v. (intransitive, colloquial) to have the next turn (in a game, in a queue, etc.)
          v. (intransitive, child language) to be it; to be the tagger in a game of tag
          det. his
          det. its (when the owning object/article/thing/animal etc., is neuter (das) or masculine (m))
du
     pron. thou, you (singular familiar)
am
     contraction. an + dem, on the, at the
     contraction. Forms the superlative in adverbial and predicate use.
     an
          prep. (with a location in the dative case) on; upon; at; in; against
          prep. (with a time in the dative case) on; in
          prep. (with a dative case object) by; near; close to; next to
          prep. (with a dative case object) by means of; by
          prep. (with an accusative case object) on; onto
          prep. (with an accusative case object) at; against
          prep. (with an accusative case object) to; for
          adv. onward; on
     dem
          art. the; dative singular masculine of der
          art. the; dative singular neuter of der
          pron. dative singular masculine of der
          pron. dative singular neuter of der
Tag
     n-m. a day; a period of time that lasts 24 hours
     n-m. a day; the period from midnight to the following midnight
     n-m. a day; the period between sunrise and sunset when there is daylight
     n-m. (astronomy) a day, the rotational period of a planet, moon or any celestial body (especially Earth)
     n-m. the part of a day which one spends at work, school, etc
     n-m. a day; a specified time or period, considered with reference to the prominence or success (in life or in an an argument or conflict) of a person or thing
     n-m. (dated) a convention, a congress (now found chiefly in compounds such as Reichstag or Landtag)
     interj. (colloquial) hello; (good) day
der
     art. the; definite article for several declensions:
     art.    Nominative singular masculine
     art.    Genitive singular feminine
     art.    Dative singular feminine
     art.    Genitive plural for all genders.
     pron. who; that; which
     pron. (attributive, stressed) that
     pron. (indicative) him, he
     pron. (differential) the one, him
Prüfung
     n. a test or examination
krank
     adj. sick; ill
     adj. (slang) excellent
musst
     v. second-person singular present of müssen
     müssen
          v. (auxiliary, with an infinitive → “müssen” replaces the past participle) to have to (do something); must; to be obliged (to do something); to need (to do something).
          v. (intransitive, with past participle “gemusst”) to have to do something implied; must; to be obliged.
du
     pron. thou, you (singular familiar)
ein
     num. one
     art. a, an
ärztliches
     adj. inflected form of ärztlich
Attest
     n-n. medical certificate
beibringen
     v. to teach
     v. to break (news, information) carefully to
     v. to inflict on, inflict with
     v. (formal) to bring, to provide as evidence
dass
     conj. (subordinating) that
     conj. (subordinating chiefly colloquial) so that
du
     pron. thou, you (singular familiar)
krank
     adj. sick; ill
     adj. (slang) excellent
bist
     v. second-person singular present of sein
     sein
          v. (with a predicate adjective or predicate nominative) to be
          v. (with a predicate adjective and an indirect object) to feel (to experience a certain condition)
          v. (auxiliary) forms the present perfect and past perfect tense of certain intransitive verbs
          v. (intransitive) to exist; there be; to be alive
          v. (intransitive, colloquial) to have the next turn (in a game, in a queue, etc.)
          v. (intransitive, child language) to be it; to be the tagger in a game of tag
          det. his
          det. its (when the owning object/article/thing/animal etc., is neuter (das) or masculine (m))


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