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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.


Letter Capital Pronounce
aApronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%balcony pronunciationtaxi pronunciationcapronunciationambulance pronunciationblackboard pronunciation
ə28.99%stomach pronunciationvitamin pronunciationmusiciapronunciationneutrapronunciationbanana pronunciation
20.57%grape pronunciationpotato pronunciationrazor pronunciationsnake pronunciationfavour pronunciation
ɑ5.03%pasta pronunciationgrandfather pronunciationglass pronunciationaunt pronunciationgarage pronunciation
ɛ3.47%stairs pronunciationhair pronunciationchair pronunciationairplane pronunciationcarrot pronunciation
a2.75%cast pronunciationhandkerchief pronunciationcabbage pronunciationladder pronunciation
ɪ1.92%mountain pronunciationorange pronunciationcabbage pronunciationbandage pronunciationchocolate pronunciation
ɔ1.63%chalk pronunciationtalk pronunciationsalt pronunciationwalk pronunciationcalled pronunciation
ɒ1.23%dishwasher pronunciationswallow pronunciationyacht pronunciationwatch pronunciationswapronunciation
ʌ0.54%appointment pronunciationwasn't pronunciation
bBpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%balcony pronunciationbra pronunciationbean pronunciationboy pronunciationbroccoli pronunciation
cCpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%calculator pronunciationcanoe pronunciationcart pronunciationscream pronunciationdetective pronunciation
s22.81%facpronunciationpencil pronunciationceiling pronunciationcereal pronunciationbicycle pronunciation
dDpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%head pronunciationbird pronunciationdance pronunciationfeud pronunciationdrug pronunciation
eEpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%pension pronunciationtwelve pronunciationneck pronunciationlemon pronunciationchepronunciation
ɪ22.88%jackepronunciationdecision pronunciationserious pronunciationbelieve pronunciationrequire pronunciation
ə18.90%lavender pronunciationseventy pronunciationseventeen pronunciationcontinent pronunciationenemy pronunciation
i8.37%regional pronunciationceiling pronunciationspecies pronunciationgeography pronunciationappreciate pronunciation
e4.39%vegetable pronunciationengineer pronunciationhelicopter pronunciation
ɪə1.70%beer pronunciationcereal pronunciationzero pronunciationdeer pronunciation
fFpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%fifteen pronunciationface pronunciationfile pronunciationperfume pronunciationfoot pronunciation
gGpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%dog pronunciationgrip pronunciationgate pronunciationincongruous pronunciationgirl pronunciation
27.65%pagpronunciationvegetable pronunciationorangpronunciationcabbagpronunciationspongpronunciation
ʒ4.48%judgpronunciationhedgpronunciation
d͡ʒ4.19%chargpronunciationenergpronunciation
g0.75%grandmother pronunciation
hHpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%handle pronunciationhold pronunciationhair pronunciationhose pronunciationherb pronunciation
iIpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%drill pronunciationpink pronunciationvitamipronunciationstocking pronunciationpoint pronunciation
15.34%lime pronunciationspider pronunciationspice pronunciationlipronunciationtipronunciation
i4.64%broccoli pronunciationhelicopter pronunciationpiano pronunciationpianist pronunciationradipronunciation
ə3.88%animal pronunciationpencipronunciationsecurity pronunciationanxious pronunciationcousipronunciation
j0.76%onion pronunciation
ʌɪ0.76%idea pronunciationrequire pronunciation
jJpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%jeans pronunciationpajamas pronunciationjudge pronunciationbanjpronunciationjacket pronunciation
d͡ʒ12.38%jaw pronunciationjuice pronunciationjazz pronunciation
kKpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%kick pronunciationwork pronunciationlakpronunciationmask pronunciationkettle pronunciation
lLpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%alcohol pronunciationclass pronunciationshovel pronunciationlake pronunciationlie pronunciation
ɫ1.39%silver pronunciationbeautiful pronunciation
əl0.60%real pronunciationcruel pronunciation
mMpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%mountain pronunciationarm pronunciationmicrowave pronunciationsmile pronunciationmother-in-law pronunciation
nNpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%bench pronunciationpedestrian pronunciationanimal pronunciationfan pronunciationwindow pronunciation
ŋ3.52%drinpronunciationblanket pronunciationuncle pronunciationanxious pronunciationpinpronunciation
oOpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%ivory pronunciationconductor pronunciationmotopronunciationcommission pronunciationalcohol pronunciation
ɒ26.97%shopronunciationmodel pronunciationbottom pronunciationsong pronunciationbroccoli pronunciation
əʊ16.92%home pronunciationsoldier pronunciationradio pronunciationbanjo pronunciationmotor pronunciation
o6.88%motorcycle pronunciationpiano pronunciationrainbopronunciationcrowbar pronunciationgroceries pronunciation
ʌ5.85%mother-in-law pronunciationoven pronunciationhoney pronunciationsponge pronunciationmonkey pronunciation
ɔ5.28%floor pronunciationtoilet pronunciationdoor pronunciationappointment pronunciationhelicopter pronunciation
ɑ5.11%photographer pronunciationstocking pronunciationhospital pronunciation
u1.55%shopronunciationcanopronunciation
ʊ0.86%woman pronunciation
pPpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%shop pronunciationpupil pronunciationpajamas pronunciationplug pronunciationpig pronunciation
qQpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
rRpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%brought pronunciationdrill pronunciationrobe pronunciationgreen pronunciationrefrigerator pronunciation
r24.03%triangle pronunciationphotographer pronunciationpressure pronunciationrabbit pronunciationbrpronunciation
ə3.31%flour pronunciationfurniturpronunciationrequirpronunciation
əɹ3.20%security pronunciationduring pronunciationtemperaturpronunciation
sSpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%silver pronunciationsurgery pronunciationscarf pronunciationtaste pronunciationstairs pronunciation
z17.28%transport pronunciationnewspaper pronunciationstairs pronunciationdoesn't pronunciationmusician pronunciation
ʃ0.74%sugar pronunciation
ʒ0.69%usually pronunciationpleasure pronunciation
tTpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%trainer pronunciationpaint pronunciationtool pronunciationturn pronunciationtie pronunciation
uUpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%tunnel pronunciationrupronunciationbutterfly pronunciationgutter pronunciationrupronunciation
ju19.51%music pronunciationusually pronunciationpupil pronunciationperfume pronunciationtissupronunciation
ə13.04%pleasure pronunciationpressure pronunciationbeautifupronunciationluxury pronunciation
u7.19%flute pronunciationruler pronunciationprune pronunciation
5.44%during pronunciationsecurity pronunciation
ʊ4.93%incongruous pronunciationpush pronunciationbutcher pronunciationpull pronunciationusually pronunciation
ɪ1.44%guitar pronunciationbiscuit pronunciationlettuce pronunciation
vVpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%cavpronunciationshovel pronunciationeleven pronunciationwavpronunciationvoluptuous pronunciation
wWpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%wine pronunciationwheelchair pronunciationwatch pronunciationwhite pronunciationswim pronunciation
ʊ4.61%crowbar pronunciationrainbow pronunciation
xXpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%sixteen pronunciationsaxophone pronunciationsix pronunciationtaxpronunciationaxpronunciation
ɡ11.90%exit pronunciationexactly pronunciation
3.17%anxious pronunciationluxury pronunciation
yYpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%ferry pronunciationbalcony pronunciationcherry pronunciationdirectory pronunciationcandy pronunciation
ɪ15.58%boy pronunciationbicycle pronunciationseventy pronunciation
10.59%why pronunciationbutterfly pronunciationpsychological pronunciationcry pronunciationpsychiatrist pronunciation
j4.36%lawyer pronunciationyellow pronunciationyacht pronunciation
zZpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%lizard pronunciationzero pronunciationfreezer pronunciationsneezpronunciationrazor pronunciation


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