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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.


Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%fa
ə28.99%pianist 
20.57%plate 
ɑ5.03%class 
ɛ3.47%tomato 
a2.75%handkerchief 
ɪ1.92%cabbage 
ɔ1.63%called 
ɒ1.23%watch 
ʌ0.54%wasn't 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%abandoned 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%cat 
s22.81%decision 
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%wind 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%lettuce 
ɪ22.88%eleven 
ə18.90%peninsula 
i8.37%regional 
e4.39%engineer 
ɪə1.70%zero 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%flood 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%geography 
27.65%surgeon 
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%horn 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%decision 
15.34%vice 
i4.64%magazine 
ə3.88%anxious 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%judge 
d͡ʒ12.38%jaw 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%wink 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%toilet 
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%cruel 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%trumpet 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%pencil 
ŋ3.52%uncle 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%petro
ɒ26.97%cough 
əʊ16.92%banjo 
o6.88%sofa 
ʌ5.85%onion 
ɔ5.28%toilet 
ɑ5.11%photographer 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%pilot 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%gray 
r24.03%triangle 
ə3.31%flour 
əɹ3.20%during 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%pianis
z17.28%jeans 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%chest 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%ru
ju19.51%uniform 
ə13.04%pressure 
u7.19%flute 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%sugar 
ɪ1.44%lettuce 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%microwav
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%wind 
ʊ4.61%crowbar 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%sixty 
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%luxury 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%body 
ɪ15.58%seventy 
10.59%cry 
j4.36%yellow 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%razor 


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