The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.


Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%alcohol 
ə28.99%photographer 
20.57%radio 
ɑ5.03%grandfather 
ɛ3.47%hair 
a2.75%cast 
ɪ1.92%mountain 
ɔ1.63%called 
ɒ1.23%dishwasher 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%bridge 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%cough 
s22.81%ceiling 
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%bed 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%chest 
ɪ22.88%detergent 
ə18.90%came
i8.37%ceiling 
e4.39%vegetable 
ɪə1.70%deer 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%friend 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%leg 
27.65%bandag
ʒ4.48%judg
d͡ʒ4.19%energ
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%head 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%musician 
15.34%violin 
i4.64%pianist 
ə3.88%penci
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%require 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%jacket 
d͡ʒ12.38%jaw 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%shak
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%cliff 
ɫ1.39%silver 
əl0.60%real 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%pajamas 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%necklace 
ŋ3.52%blanket 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%ivory 
ɒ26.97%forest 
əʊ16.92%note 
o6.88%coconut 
ʌ5.85%shovel 
ɔ5.28%point 
ɑ5.11%stocking 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%pajamas 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%drain 
r24.03%rabbit 
ə3.31%furnitur
əɹ3.20%security 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%chainsaw 
z17.28%desert 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%usually 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%appointment 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%brush 
ju19.51%used 
ə13.04%pressure 
u7.19%flute 
5.44%security 
ʊ4.93%sugar 
ɪ1.44%guitar 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%voluptuous 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%weather 
ʊ4.61%crowbar 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%sixteen 
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%anxious 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%energy 
ɪ15.58%bicycle 
10.59%butterfly 
j4.36%lawyer 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%zero 


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