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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.


Letter Capital Pronounce
aApronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%grandmother pronunciationabandon pronunciationcandy pronunciationcapronunciationstand pronunciation
ə28.99%neutrapronunciationballoon pronunciationaddition pronunciationabandoned pronunciationvitamin pronunciation
20.57%baby pronunciationpage pronunciationsnake pronunciationrazor pronunciationtaste pronunciation
ɑ5.03%glass pronunciationpasta pronunciationbath pronunciationgarage pronunciationpajamas pronunciation
ɛ3.47%carrot pronunciationairplane pronunciationstairs pronunciationchair pronunciationhair pronunciation
a2.75%ladder pronunciationhandkerchief pronunciationcabbage pronunciationcast pronunciation
ɪ1.92%orange pronunciationchocolate pronunciationbandage pronunciationcabbage pronunciationmountain pronunciation
ɔ1.63%chalk pronunciationtalk pronunciationcalled pronunciationwalk pronunciationwall pronunciation
ɒ1.23%swapronunciationwatch pronunciationdishwasher pronunciationyacht pronunciationswallow pronunciation
ʌ0.54%appointment pronunciationwasn't pronunciation
bBpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%dashboard pronunciationcrowbar pronunciationboat pronunciationbread pronunciationelbow pronunciation
cCpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%carrot pronunciationpsychological pronunciationcough pronunciationcalculator pronunciationcoconut pronunciation
s22.81%spicpronunciationbicycle pronunciationceiling pronunciationpencil pronunciationpiecpronunciation
dDpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%dress pronunciationwind pronunciationdesk pronunciationbed pronunciationbridge pronunciation
eEpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%television pronunciationdirectory pronunciationwhepronunciationelbow pronunciationarchitect pronunciation
ɪ22.88%refrigerator pronunciationserious pronunciationeleven pronunciationdesert pronunciationjackepronunciation
ə18.90%kitchepronunciationcamepronunciationovepronunciationlavender pronunciationpeninsula pronunciation
i8.37%ceiling pronunciationappreciate pronunciationgeography pronunciationspecies pronunciationregional pronunciation
e4.39%helicopter pronunciationvegetable pronunciationengineer pronunciation
ɪə1.70%zero pronunciationdeer pronunciationbeer pronunciationcereal pronunciation
fFpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%freezer pronunciationfather pronunciationfriend pronunciationfifty pronunciationfork pronunciation
gGpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%geography pronunciationfrog pronunciationgarden pronunciationsugar pronunciationdog pronunciation
27.65%garagpronunciationsurgeon pronunciationvegetable pronunciationcabbagpronunciationgeography pronunciation
ʒ4.48%hedgpronunciationjudgpronunciation
d͡ʒ4.19%energpronunciationchargpronunciation
g0.75%grandmother pronunciation
hHpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%handbag pronunciationhammer pronunciationalcohol pronunciationherb pronunciationhorse pronunciation
iIpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%string pronunciationwindow pronunciationaddition pronunciationchicken pronunciationgripronunciation
15.34%rice pronunciationviolin pronunciationfive pronunciationsmile pronunciationlime pronunciation
i4.64%taxi pronunciationhelicopter pronunciationbroccoli pronunciationpianist pronunciationradipronunciation
ə3.88%animal pronunciationpencipronunciationsecurity pronunciationcousipronunciationpupipronunciation
j0.76%onion pronunciation
ʌɪ0.76%require pronunciationidea pronunciation
jJpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%judge pronunciationjeans pronunciationbanjpronunciationjacket pronunciationpajamas pronunciation
d͡ʒ12.38%juice pronunciationjaw pronunciationjazz pronunciation
kKpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%cakpronunciationpumpkin pronunciationturkey pronunciationlook pronunciationkitchen pronunciation
lLpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%tunnel pronunciationruler pronunciationneedlpronunciationregional pronunciationlemon pronunciation
ɫ1.39%silver pronunciationbeautiful pronunciation
əl0.60%real pronunciationcruel pronunciation
mMpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%camel pronunciationtomato pronunciationmilk pronunciationpajamas pronunciationbathroom pronunciation
nNpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%man pronunciationnewspaper pronunciationfounpronunciationnineteen pronunciationneck pronunciation
ŋ3.52%winpronunciationhandkerchief pronunciationblanket pronunciationuncle pronunciationanxious pronunciation
oOpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%violin pronunciationivory pronunciationelevatopronunciationalcohol pronunciationcarropronunciation
ɒ26.97%hopronunciationshopronunciationbody pronunciationcoffee pronunciationpolitician pronunciation
əʊ16.92%pole pronunciationnote pronunciationhose pronunciationbanjo pronunciationgold pronunciation
o6.88%potato pronunciationrainbopronunciationsofa pronunciationmotorcycle pronunciationpiano pronunciation
ʌ5.85%monkey pronunciationhoney pronunciationsponge pronunciationshovel pronunciationglove pronunciation
ɔ5.28%door pronunciationhelicopter pronunciationfourteen pronunciationoil pronunciationbopronunciation
ɑ5.11%photographer pronunciationhospital pronunciationstocking pronunciation
u1.55%canopronunciationshopronunciation
ʊ0.86%woman pronunciation
pPpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%sponge pronunciationpepper pronunciationhip pronunciationpianist pronunciationpumpkin pronunciation
qQpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
rRpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%serious pronunciationbrown pronunciationrobe pronunciationrun pronunciationthree pronunciation
r24.03%rabbit pronunciationcrimson pronunciationgeography pronunciationrope pronunciationfrog pronunciation
ə3.31%requirpronunciationflour pronunciationfurniturpronunciation
əɹ3.20%during pronunciationsecurity pronunciationtemperaturpronunciation
sSpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%despronunciationsoap pronunciationsyringe pronunciationpsychiatrispronunciationgoospronunciation
z17.28%hospronunciationnospronunciationdoesn't pronunciationcheespronunciationdesert pronunciation
ʃ0.74%sugar pronunciation
ʒ0.69%usually pronunciationpleasure pronunciation
tTpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%artist pronunciationdetective pronunciationturkey pronunciationseventeen pronunciationant pronunciation
uUpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%luxury pronunciationthumb pronunciationgutter pronunciationpumpkin pronunciationduck pronunciation
ju19.51%computer pronunciationmusic pronunciationtissupronunciationused pronunciationuniform pronunciation
ə13.04%pressure pronunciationpleasure pronunciationbeautifupronunciationluxury pronunciation
u7.19%flute pronunciationruler pronunciationprune pronunciation
5.44%security pronunciationduring pronunciation
ʊ4.93%pull pronunciationbutcher pronunciationusually pronunciationincongruous pronunciationsugar pronunciation
ɪ1.44%guitar pronunciationbiscuit pronunciationlettuce pronunciation
vVpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%television pronunciationseventy pronunciationwavpronunciationoven pronunciationriver pronunciation
wWpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%work pronunciationwhistle pronunciationwindow pronunciationwheelchair pronunciationwind pronunciation
ʊ4.61%rainbow pronunciationcrowbar pronunciation
xXpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%sixty pronunciationaxpronunciationsix pronunciationtaxpronunciationsaxophone pronunciation
ɡ11.90%exactly pronunciationexit pronunciation
3.17%anxious pronunciationluxury pronunciation
yYpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%body pronunciationthirty pronunciationcandy pronunciationivory pronunciationbaby pronunciation
ɪ15.58%bicycle pronunciationseventy pronunciationboy pronunciation
10.59%butterfly pronunciationpsychological pronunciationwhy pronunciationcry pronunciationpsychiatrist pronunciation
j4.36%yellow pronunciationyacht pronunciationlawyer pronunciation
zZpronunciation
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%sneezpronunciationzero pronunciationmagazine pronunciationrazor pronunciationfreezer pronunciation


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Spelling