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Common Korean Words

A list of the most common Korean words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Korean.

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     1. n. A thing; an object, one (impersonal pronoun)
           비싼 것 - an expensive thing; something expensive; an (the) expensive one
     2. n. (used to create noun phrases) what; the thing which
           내-가 원하-는 것 - what I want
2 하다
     1. v. I. 「…을 하다」
     2. v. to do
           하루 분의 일을 하다 - to do a full day of work
     3. v. to make; to arrange; to cook
           내일 먹을 밥을 미리 하다 - to cook rice ahead for tomorrow
3 있다
     1. v. to be (in a place); to exist
           뉴욕-은 미국-에 있다. - New York is in the United States.
           물속-에 물고기-가 있다. - There are fish in the water.
     2. v. To be (in a state)
           서 있다 - to be standing
4 되다
     1. v. to become
           왕이 되다 - to become king
     2. v. (of a time) to come, to arrive
           약속한 시간이 되었다. - The appointed time has arrived.
     3. v. (as an auxiliary verb after a verb in its ko-l), ko-l, —아, or ko-l, —해 form to be permissible; to be OK; may
     1. n. way, means, possibility
     2. n. male (non-human)
     3. n. number
           수를 세다
             sureul seda
     1. pron. I, the first-person singular plain (non-polite) pronoun
     2. part. just; at least
           (koex, 하던 거나 하련다., Gonna do just what I've been doing.)
     3. part. or
           (koex, 진주나 창원 쪽으로 가려면 몇 번 국도를 타야 하나요?, What route should I take to get to Jinju or Changwon?)
     1. det. (demonstrative) that (of what has been already said or known)
     2. pron. (demonstrative) that (of what has been already said or known) (see ko-l, 그것, , that thing)
     3. pron. (literary) he; she
8 없다
     1. adj. there are none; (to be) lacking; (to be) nonexistent
     2. adj. not
9 않다
     1. adj. (adjective-지 않다)(auxiliary) not
           어렵-지 않다. - It's not hard.
     2. v. (verb-지 않다) (auxiliary) not
           사-지 않았습니다. - (I) didn't buy (it).
     3. v. (를 않다) not to do something
10 사람
     1. n. person; human; people
11 우리
     1. pron. we, us
     2. pron. our
     3. pron. (when referring to one's own family members) my
     4. n. cage, pen, coop
     1. n. A tooth or teeth.
           이 없으면 잇몸으로 산다. — literally without teeth, I would live with the gum..
     2. n. louse
     3. det. this
           이 그림을 본 적이 있다. (i geurimeul bon jeogi itda.) I have seen this picture.
13 아니다
     1. adj. to be not (something)
           사람-은 짐승이 아니다. - Men are not animals.
14 보다
     1. v. to see, look at
     2. v. to look after (a baby, child, house, etc.)
           아이-를 보다 - to look after a child
     3. v. to watch (a film, TV, etc.)
           영화-를 보다 - to watch a film
     1. n. back.
     2. n. lantern, compare 등불.
     3. n. rank.
     4. n. et cetera, often in series: 등등.
     1. n. time
     2. n. an occasion, the time when...
           어렸을 때 - when one was young/ when one was a child
     3. n. dirt, especially dead skin produced by exfoliation
     1. interj. well!
     2. n. thing.
     3. n. what, that which.
           그건 내 한 거예요.
             That’s what I did.
18 같다
     1. adj. (to be) the same
           같은 말-을 되풀이하다 - to say the same thing over and over
     2. adj. (to be) like or similar (often used with (ko-l, 와)/ko-l, 과)
     3. adj. (to be) probably so; (to be) apparently so
           In this sense, it often follows (ko-l, 것) and is often translated as it looks like.
19 주다
     1. v. to give
           선물-을 주다 - to give a present
     2. v. (auxiliary verb) to do for someone else
20 대하다
     1. v. to pertain or relate to a topic
     2. v. to greet or respond to
     3. v. to face, to stand across from
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary