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The Russian Alphabet

This page shows the Russian alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words. Note that Russian letters take on quite different shapes for capitals and italics. The best way to learn the letters is:
  • Review the letters and their sounds on this page.
  • Click on Flash Cards to play Multiple Choice, Flash Cards and Test to learn the letters off by heart.
  • To really sharpen your ear to the sounds of Russian, click on the Spelling button below to learn how to spell based on the sounds in the word. Don't worry about not knowing the meaning of the words yet, to learn those you can click on the Vocabulary Sets menu item.


Letter Capital Italic PronounceExample
аАаpronunciationавтомобильный коврик pronunciation
автобус pronunciation
автомобильное кресло pronunciation
автомобиль pronunciation
актёр pronunciation
май pronunciation
два pronunciation
чай pronunciation
еда pronunciation
бБбpronunciationбанджо pronunciation
библиотека pronunciation
берег pronunciation
зуб pronunciation
юбка pronunciation
краб pronunciation
рыба pronunciation
вВвpronunciationводопад pronunciation
витамин pronunciation
ванная комната pronunciation
восемьдесят семь pronunciation
враг pronunciation
два pronunciation
овощ pronunciation
овца pronunciation
пиво pronunciation
цвет pronunciation
лиловый pronunciation
розовый pronunciation
гГгpronunciationгигиенический тальк pronunciation
губа pronunciation
град pronunciation
горчица pronunciation
игла pronunciation
враг pronunciation
нога pronunciation
снег pronunciation
дДдpronunciationдорожный знак pronunciation
детская кроватка pronunciation
девяносто один pronunciation
душ pronunciation
девять pronunciation
сад pronunciation
еда pronunciation
мед pronunciation
дыня pronunciation
еЕеpronunciationесть pronunciation
еда pronunciation
мел pronunciation
мед pronunciation
шея pronunciation
лес pronunciation
фен pronunciation
ёЁёpronunciationёмкость для еды pronunciation
актёр pronunciation
свёкр pronunciation
жЖжpronunciationжурнал pronunciation
жарко pronunciation
желудок pronunciation
жилет pronunciation
нож pronunciation
кожа pronunciation
пляж pronunciation
дождь pronunciation
ложка pronunciation
зЗзpronunciationзубная паста pronunciation
запирающийся шкафчик pronunciation
занавеска для ванной pronunciation
звонок pronunciation
изюм pronunciation
глаз pronunciation
язык pronunciation
арбуз pronunciation
язык pronunciation
музыка pronunciation
музыкант pronunciation
указывать pronunciation
иИиpronunciationиндюк pronunciation
инвалидное кресло pronunciation
июль pronunciation
инженер pronunciation
июнь pronunciation
кит pronunciation
рис pronunciation
три pronunciation
хаки pronunciation
шина pronunciation
This letter's name is и́ кра́ткое ‎(í krátkoje, “short i”) or ий ‎(ij), and it sounds like the y in York or boy.
йЙйpronunciationйогурт pronunciation
май pronunciation
чай pronunciation
яйцо pronunciation
лейка pronunciation
серый pronunciation
кКкpronunciationкраска pronunciation
катамаран pronunciation
кролик pronunciation
лук pronunciation
сок pronunciation
очки pronunciation
лЛлpronunciationлекарство pronunciation
ложка pronunciation
ликер pronunciation
лизать pronunciation
мел pronunciation
пол pronunciation
июль pronunciation
пила pronunciation
белый pronunciation
улыбаться pronunciation
мМмpronunciationмеханик pronunciation
мотоцикл pronunciation
моющее средство pronunciation
модель pronunciation
дом pronunciation
лом pronunciation
змея pronunciation
холм pronunciation
мыс pronunciation
мыло pronunciation
мышь pronunciation
нНнpronunciationнаклоняться pronunciation
сын pronunciation
фен pronunciation
сон pronunciation
шина pronunciation
бинт pronunciation
ученый pronunciation
черный pronunciation
зеленый pronunciation
красный pronunciation
оОоpronunciationофициант pronunciation
орех pronunciation
октябрь pronunciation
окно pronunciation
дом pronunciation
нож pronunciation
нос pronunciation
сок pronunciation
пПпpronunciationпалец pronunciation
парковка pronunciation
почтовый ящик pronunciation
суп pronunciation
храп pronunciation
гипс pronunciation
тапок pronunciation
чипсы pronunciation
распылитель pronunciation
рРрpronunciationрасческа pronunciation
радио pronunciation
ремень pronunciation
рюмка pronunciation
три pronunciation
хор pronunciation
сыр pronunciation
шарф pronunciation
орех pronunciation
рыба pronunciation
рыбак pronunciation
крыша pronunciation
серый pronunciation
сСсpronunciationсиний pronunciation
стена pronunciation
семьдесят три pronunciation
семьдесят два pronunciation
мыс pronunciation
нос pronunciation
лес pronunciation
рис pronunciation
сын pronunciation
сыр pronunciation
часы pronunciation
бусы pronunciation
тТтpronunciationтелега pronunciation
транспорт pronunciation
торт pronunciation
точилка pronunciation
кит pronunciation
сто pronunciation
рот pronunciation
сток pronunciation
тыква pronunciation
шорты pronunciation
желтый pronunciation
фрукты pronunciation
четыре pronunciation
уУуpronunciationуказатель поворота pronunciation
указывать pronunciation
утка pronunciation
ухо pronunciation
уровень pronunciation
суп pronunciation
лук pronunciation
душ pronunciation
зуб pronunciation
фФфpronunciationфотограф pronunciation
фермер pronunciation
фуникулёр pronunciation
февраль pronunciation
фрукт pronunciation
лифт pronunciation
шарф pronunciation
арфа pronunciation
кофе pronunciation
конфета pronunciation
хХхpronunciationходить pronunciation
халат pronunciation
хирургия pronunciation
хлопья pronunciation
хлеб pronunciation
ухо pronunciation
орех pronunciation
яхта pronunciation
кухня pronunciation
цЦцpronunciationцепная пила pronunciation
циклон pronunciation
цвет лайма pronunciation
церковь pronunciation
цвет слоновой кости pronunciation
яйцо pronunciation
овца pronunciation
лицо pronunciation
перец pronunciation
палец pronunciation
ягодицы pronunciation
ножницы pronunciation
плоскогубцы pronunciation
кухонные щипцы pronunciation
чЧчpronunciationчетырнадцать pronunciation
чихать pronunciation
чтение pronunciation
часы pronunciation
очки pronunciation
врач pronunciation
дочь pronunciation
шШшpronunciationшестьдесят три pronunciation
шесть pronunciation
шестьдесят девять pronunciation
шестьдесят семь pronunciation
душ pronunciation
мышь pronunciation
крыша pronunciation
чашка pronunciation
груша pronunciation
щЩщpronunciationщека pronunciation
щетка pronunciation
овощ pronunciation
плащ pronunciation
пещера pronunciation
женщина pronunciation
ящерица pronunciation
The letter твёрдый знак ‎(“hard sign”). This letter has no sound of its own, but modifies that of the preceding consonant, causing it to be pronounced hard.
ъЪъpronunciationподъездная аллея pronunciation
ручка стеклоподъемника pronunciation
ыЫыpronunciationмыс pronunciation
сын pronunciation
сыр pronunciation
The letter мя́гкий знак ‎(“soft sign”). This letter has no sound of its own, but modifies that of the preceding consonant, causing it to be pronounced soft.
ьЬьpronunciationиюнь pronunciation
ноль pronunciation
петь pronunciation
пить pronunciation
пять pronunciation
эЭэpronunciationэлектрик pronunciation
экипаж pronunciation
эскалатор pronunciation
каноэ pronunciation
юЮюpronunciationюрист pronunciation
юбка pronunciation
июнь pronunciation
изюм pronunciation
июль pronunciation
рюмка pronunciation
яЯяpronunciationязык pronunciation
яблоко pronunciation
ясно pronunciation
ящик для инструментов pronunciation
шея pronunciation
пляж pronunciation
тетя pronunciation
дыня pronunciation
змея pronunciation


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