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The Russian Alphabet

This page shows the Russian alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words. Note that Russian letters take on quite different shapes for capitals and italics. The best way to learn the letters is:
  • Review the letters and their sounds on this page.
  • Click on Flash Cards to play Multiple Choice, Flash Cards and Test to learn the letters off by heart.
  • To really sharpen your ear to the sounds of Russian, click on the Spelling button below to learn how to spell based on the sounds in the word. Don't worry about not knowing the meaning of the words yet, to learn those you can click on the Vocabulary Sets menu item.


Letter Capital Italic PronounceExample
аАаpronunciationавтомобильное кресло pronunciation
актёр pronunciation
август pronunciation
архитектор pronunciation
два pronunciation
сад pronunciation
еда pronunciation
май pronunciation
бБбpronunciationбровь pronunciation
бледно-зеленый pronunciation
белая классная доска pronunciation
брат pronunciation
зуб pronunciation
юбка pronunciation
краб pronunciation
рыба pronunciation
вВвpronunciationвитамин pronunciation
вторник pronunciation
выхлопная труба pronunciation
вешалка для полотенца pronunciation
два pronunciation
овощ pronunciation
овца pronunciation
пиво pronunciation
лиловый pronunciation
розовый pronunciation
гГгpronunciationгубная гармошка pronunciation
гараж pronunciation
гвоздь pronunciation
гостиная pronunciation
группа pronunciation
игла pronunciation
нога pronunciation
снег pronunciation
враг pronunciation
дДдpronunciationдва pronunciation
десять pronunciation
дезинфицирующее средство pronunciation
дом pronunciation
сад pronunciation
мед pronunciation
еда pronunciation
дыня pronunciation
еЕеpronunciationесть pronunciation
еда pronunciation
фен pronunciation
лес pronunciation
мел pronunciation
мед pronunciation
шея pronunciation
ёЁёpronunciationёмкость для еды pronunciation
актёр pronunciation
свёкр pronunciation
жЖжpronunciationжилет pronunciation
журнал pronunciation
жарко pronunciation
женщина pronunciation
живая изгородь pronunciation
нож pronunciation
пляж pronunciation
кожа pronunciation
дождь pronunciation
ложка pronunciation
зЗзpronunciationзеркало pronunciation
зеленый pronunciation
замороженные продукты pronunciation
зевать pronunciation
занавеска pronunciation
язык pronunciation
глаз pronunciation
изюм pronunciation
козел pronunciation
язык pronunciation
музыка pronunciation
музыкант pronunciation
указывать pronunciation
иИиpronunciationинструменты pronunciation
индюк pronunciation
инвалидное кресло pronunciation
инструмент pronunciation
индиго pronunciation
три pronunciation
кит pronunciation
рис pronunciation
пить pronunciation
This letter's name is и́ кра́ткое ‎(í krátkoje, “short i”) or ий ‎(ij), and it sounds like the y in York or boy.
йЙйpronunciationйогурт pronunciation
май pronunciation
чай pronunciation
яйцо pronunciation
лейка pronunciation
синий pronunciation
кКкpronunciationкупание pronunciation
компьютер pronunciation
кроссовок pronunciation
лук pronunciation
сок pronunciation
мука pronunciation
лЛлpronunciationливневая канализация pronunciation
лом pronunciation
лобовое стекло pronunciation
лекарство pronunciation
мел pronunciation
пол pronunciation
холм pronunciation
июль pronunciation
белый pronunciation
улыбаться pronunciation
мМмpronunciationмороз pronunciation
миска pronunciation
мальчик pronunciation
мотоцикл pronunciation
дом pronunciation
лом pronunciation
гром pronunciation
изюм pronunciation
мыс pronunciation
мыло pronunciation
мышь pronunciation
нНнpronunciationнаводнение pronunciation
наволочка pronunciation
напитки pronunciation
носовой платок pronunciation
наносить удар кулаком pronunciation
сон pronunciation
сын pronunciation
фен pronunciation
ясно pronunciation
июнь pronunciation
черный pronunciation
ученый pronunciation
зеленый pronunciation
красный pronunciation
оОоpronunciationовощ pronunciation
одеяло pronunciation
отвертка pronunciation
облачно pronunciation
облако pronunciation
рот pronunciation
боб pronunciation
пол pronunciation
лом pronunciation
хор pronunciation
пПпpronunciationпещера pronunciation
пятьдесят девять pronunciation
петь pronunciation
суп pronunciation
храп pronunciation
гипс pronunciation
топор pronunciation
шуруп pronunciation
распылитель pronunciation
рРрpronunciationрадиатор pronunciation
руль pronunciation
рычаг переключение передач pronunciation
раковина pronunciation
три pronunciation
сыр pronunciation
хор pronunciation
врач pronunciation
гора pronunciation
рыба pronunciation
рыбак pronunciation
крыша pronunciation
серый pronunciation
сСсpronunciationсмеяться pronunciation
стамеска pronunciation
сестра pronunciation
лес pronunciation
мыс pronunciation
нос pronunciation
рис pronunciation
сын pronunciation
сыр pronunciation
часы pronunciation
бусы pronunciation
тТтpronunciationтачка pronunciation
тридцать один pronunciation
тиски pronunciation
тело pronunciation
труба pronunciation
сто pronunciation
кит pronunciation
рот pronunciation
пять pronunciation
тыква pronunciation
шорты pronunciation
желтый pronunciation
фрукты pronunciation
четыре pronunciation
уУуpronunciationуказатель pronunciation
уровень pronunciation
удобрение pronunciation
унитаз pronunciation
душ pronunciation
лук pronunciation
зуб pronunciation
суп pronunciation
фФфpronunciationфрукт pronunciation
фотограф pronunciation
флейта pronunciation
фармацевт pronunciation
фермер pronunciation
лифт pronunciation
шарф pronunciation
арфа pronunciation
кофе pronunciation
конфета pronunciation
хХхpronunciationхлеб pronunciation
художник pronunciation
хирургия pronunciation
хирург pronunciation
холодно pronunciation
ухо pronunciation
орех pronunciation
яхта pronunciation
кухня pronunciation
цЦцpronunciationцвет pronunciation
цепная пила pronunciation
циклон pronunciation
цвет слоновой кости pronunciation
цветная капуста pronunciation
овца pronunciation
лицо pronunciation
яйцо pronunciation
палец pronunciation
птица pronunciation
ягодицы pronunciation
ножницы pronunciation
плоскогубцы pronunciation
кухонные щипцы pronunciation
чЧчpronunciationчай pronunciation
черный pronunciation
чернослив pronunciation
очки pronunciation
врач pronunciation
дочь pronunciation
шШшpronunciationшестьдесят пять pronunciation
шестьдесят два pronunciation
шестьдесят девять pronunciation
шестнадцать pronunciation
шланг pronunciation
душ pronunciation
мышь pronunciation
чашка pronunciation
крыша pronunciation
груша pronunciation
щЩщpronunciationщека pronunciation
щетка pronunciation
овощ pronunciation
плащ pronunciation
пещера pronunciation
женщина pronunciation
ящерица pronunciation
The letter твёрдый знак ‎(“hard sign”). This letter has no sound of its own, but modifies that of the preceding consonant, causing it to be pronounced hard.
ъЪъpronunciationподъездная аллея pronunciation
ручка стеклоподъемника pronunciation
ыЫыpronunciationсын pronunciation
мыс pronunciation
сыр pronunciation
The letter мя́гкий знак ‎(“soft sign”). This letter has no sound of its own, but modifies that of the preceding consonant, causing it to be pronounced soft.
ьЬьpronunciationиюнь pronunciation
ноль pronunciation
семь pronunciation
гусь pronunciation
эЭэpronunciationэкипаж pronunciation
эскалатор pronunciation
электрик pronunciation
каноэ pronunciation
юЮюpronunciationюрист pronunciation
юбка pronunciation
июнь pronunciation
изюм pronunciation
июль pronunciation
рюмка pronunciation
яЯяpronunciationяйцо pronunciation
яблоко pronunciation
яхта pronunciation
ягодицы pronunciation
ящерица pronunciation
шея pronunciation
дыня pronunciation
змея pronunciation
мясо pronunciation
пять pronunciation


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