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Common Indonesian Words

A list of the most common Indonesian words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Indonesian.

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1 aku
     1. pron. I, me
           Aku sedang lapar. - I am hungry.
           Dia memarahi aku. - He scolded me.
     2. pron. my (belonging to me)
           Kucing aku hitam. - My cat is black.
2 tidak
     1. adv. not (negates meaning of verb)
           saya, Saya tidak mau makan.
             I don't want to eat.
     2. adv. not (To no degree)
           buku, Buku itu tidak mahal.
3 yang
     1. conj. which ((relative) who, whom, what)
           rumah yang dihancurkan olehnya - the house that he destroys
     2. pron. one (impersonal pronoun)
     3. n. (Hinduism) hyang: An unseen spirit with supernatural powers, in ancient Indonesian mythology.
     4. n. (philosophy) yang: A principle in Chinese and related East Asian philosophies associated with bright, hot, masculine, etc. elements of the natural world.
4 kau
     1. pron. (poetic) Second-person singular pronoun: you, your, yours
5 ini
     1. adv. only, just
     2. det. this (the (thing) here)
     3. det. this (known (thing) just mentioned)
     4. det. this (known (thing) about to be mentioned)
     5. det. this (known (thing) that the speaker does not think is known to the audience)
6 itu
     1. det. that (what is being indicated)
     2. pron. it (that thing)
7 di
     1. prep. in
           di Surabaya - in Surabaya
     2. prep. at
     3. prep. on
     4. prep. (dialect, colloquial) to
8 dan
     1. conj. and (used to connect two similar words, phrases, et cetera)
     2. n. Rank in judo, karate and kenpo.
9 akan
     1. adv. will/shall
           Ini pun akan berlalu. - This too shall pass.
     2. adv. about to
     3. adv. going to
           Aku akan membelikan ibu seikat bunga. - I am going to buy a bunch of flowers for mother.
10 apa
     1. pron. what (interrogative pronoun)
     2. part. (colloquial) introduces a question
           Apa kamu mengerti? - Do you understand?
11 dia
     1. pron. he
           Dia sedang kelaparan. - He is starving now.
     2. pron. she
           Dia suka musik pop. - She loves pop music.
12 anda
     1. pron. alternative case form of Anda
     2. v. (informal, West Sumatra) deliberately intercepted
13 kita
     1. pron. we (inclusive)
           Kita akan pergi ke toko. - We will go to the store.
     2. pron. our / ours (inclusive)
           Kita mempunyai laboratorium komputer baru di sekolah kita - We have a new computer laboratory at our school.
     3. pron. (colloquial) I
14 untuk
     1. prep. for (directed at, intended to belong to)
     2. prep. for (because of)
15 saya
     1. pron. I (personal pronoun)
     2. pron. me (direct object of a verb)
     3. pron. me (object of a preposition)
     4. pron. me (indirect object of a verb)
     5. pron. my (belonging to me)
16 mereka
     1. pron. they; them
           Toto bertemu dengan Amir di jalan, lalu mereka pergi bersama-sama ke sekolah. - Toto met with Amir at the street, then they went to school together.
     2. pron. their
           Rumah mereka besar. - Their house is big.
     3. v. creating
17 ada
     1. v. to be present, to exist, be there
           Ia ada di sana. - He/she is over there.
           Ada tiga pilihan yang tersedia. - There are three options available.
     2. v. to have, to possess
           Ia tidak ada uang - He/she does not have money.
18 bisa
     1. n. venom: a poison carried by an animal, usually injected into an enemy or prey by biting or stinging.
     2. n. (figurative) bad: unfavorable, negative, evil, unhealthy.
     3. v. can, be able
19 tahu
     1. v. to know (to be certain or sure about (something))
     2. v. to know (to have knowledge of)
           Aku tidak tahu. - I do not know.
     3. v. to know (to be aware of; to be cognizant of)
     4. v. to know (to have knowledge; to have information, be informed)
20 dengan
     1. prep. with
           Aku berbicara dengan Martin. - I talk with Martin.
     2. prep. by (through the action of)
     3. prep. with
     4. prep.          In the company of; alongside.
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary