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Common Japanese Words

A list of the most common Japanese words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Japanese.

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1
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable の (no), whose equivalent in katakana is ノ.no
     2. part. genitive case marker
           私の意見。
           わたしのいけん。
           watashi no iken.
2
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable に (ni), whose equivalent in katakana is ニ.ni
     2. part. particle for indirect objects; to
     3. part. particle for location; in
     4. part. particle for direction; toward
     5. part. particle indicating a passive agent; by
3 する
     1. v. to dosuru
           何をしていますか。 - なに を して います か。
     2. v. to wear (accessories)
           ネクタイをする。 - ネクタイ を する。
     3. v. Usage: The verb する (“to do”) is seldom written in kanji (為る).
4
     1. tooth
5
     1. syllable. (obsolete) The hiragana syllable を (wo), whose equivalent in katakana is ヲ.o
     2. syllable. The hiragana syllable を (o), whose equivalent in katakana is ヲ.
     3. part. An accusative case particle: a grammatical marker following the direct object.
           私がリンゴを食べる - わたし が リンゴ を たべる
           私をリンゴが食べる - わたし を リンゴ が たべる
6
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable が (ga), whose equivalent in katakana is ガ.ga
     2. part. が: Indicates the subject of a sentence.
     3. part. が: conjunction (but)
     4. part. が or ヶ: Historical possessive used to connect nouns, most often seen in place names as ヶ.
     5. n. 蛾: moth
7
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable と (to), whose equivalent in katakana is ト.to
     2. part. with
           僕と行きたい?
           ぼくといきたい?
           Boku to ikitai?
8
     1. yearnen
     2. new year
     3. person's age
     4. counter. years
     5. suffix. a grade, a school year
9
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable で (de), whose equivalent in katakana is デ.de
     2. part. indicating being at a location.
           ここで休みたい。
           ここでやすみたい。
           Koko de yasumitai.
10
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable だ (da), whose equivalent in katakana is ダ.da
     2. v. to be
     3. v. Usage: This word is an enclitic just like other particles. It is classified as 助動詞 (jodōshi) in traditional Japanese grammar, because of its particle-like phonological behavior.
11
     1. As part of a compound, should not be confused with ⺼, form of 肉 (flesh, meat), which is used for example for parts of the body such as 背 (back). These may be drawn identically, as 月, but in careful ustsuki
     2. n. the moon
           日本では月にうさぎが住んでいるというお話があります。 - にほん で は つき に うさぎ が すんで いる と いう お-はなし が あります。
           月は地球の唯一の衛星です。 - つき は ちきゅう の ゆい.いつ の えいせい です。
     3. n. the lunar cycle, a month
12
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable も (mo), whose equivalent in katakana is モ.mo
     2. part. too, also, so
     3. n. 藻: algae
     4. n. 喪: mourning
13 から
     1. part. from, out ofkara
     2. part. after (following て-form verbs)
     3. part. because (following adjectives and verbs)
     4. n. 空: emptiness
     5. n. 殻: shell
14
     1. n. sunhi
     2. n. day
     3. n. (obsolete) dayfu
     4. counter. number of dayska
     5. suffix. day of the month
15 成る
     1. v. なる: becomenaru
           私は先生になります。 - わたし は せんせい に なります。
           コーヒーが冷たくなりました。 - コーヒー が つめたく なりました。
16 こと
     1. n. 事: thing, matterkoto
     2. n. 琴: Japanese zither/harp
17 有る
     1. v. to exist (inanimate objects)aru
     2. v. to be (inanimate objects)
     3. v. to have (inanimate objects)
18 よる
     1. v. よる: be based on, depend on, be due to - (at most case)yoru
     2. v. 拠る: be based on, depend on
     3. v. 因る: be due to
     4. v. 寄る: drop by, stop at
     5. v. 選る: select
19
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable や (ya), whose equivalent in katakana is ヤ.ya
     2. part. and
           Used to conjoin nouns, や (ya) implies that the list is not limited to the nouns named. Contrast with と (to), the other particle typically used to conjoin nouns, which implies that the list is l
     3. part. is, are
           Variation on the Japanese copula だ (da), associated with (Kansai dialect), particularly Ōsaka. The use of や (ya) is common in fictional dialogue attributed to characters from Ōsaka.
20 など
     1. part. 等: for example, things like, such as, etc., and so onnado
           など (nado) functions as a noun and may be followed by other particles, including の (no).
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary