The Sounds of Spanish

Below is a list of the common sounds of Spanish and the letter groups used to represent these sounds. Letters and groups of letters may have different sounds, and this is shown along with their IPA symbols (International Phonetic Alphabet) and their frequency of occurrence.

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Spelling IPA Frequency Example
a
a95.14%toalla 
ä4.26%mantequilla 
ã0.38%mano 
ɑ0.23%cabeza 
b
b51.33%abuelo 
β48.67%ib
c
k65.07%comer 
θ33.82%catorc
s1.10%onc
ch
100.00%noch
d
ð59.56%vid
d40.44%día 
e
e97.53%cueva 
2.07%entonces 
ɛ0.39%guerrero 
f
f100.00%edificio 
g
ɡ43.71%amig
ɣ32.93%estómag
x18.56%gina 
g3.59%enemig
ɰ1.20%guante 
h
silent100.00%hacer 
i
i70.45%sei
j29.26%bien 
ĩ0.28%domingo 
j
x95.96%naranj
χ4.04%juez 
k
k100.00%kilómetro 
l
l100.00%licor 
ll
ʎ95.16%cuell
ʝ4.84%martill
m
m100.00%mar 
n
n92.21%ingeniero 
ŋ5.19%esponja 
m1.04%sinvergüenza 
ɲ0.35%poncho 
o
o98.73%abrigo 
õ0.95%entonces 
ɔ0.32%formación 
p
p100.00%porque 
qu
k100.00%bosqu
r
ɾ85.43%brazo 
r14.57%hablar 
rr
r100.00%pizarr
s
s99.14%es 
z0.86%mismo 
t
t100.00%corbat
u
u70.15%uva 
w26.15%fu
silent3.38%guerrero 
ũ0.31%preguntar 
v
b54.86%vergüenza 
β45.14%cerveza 
x
ks100.00%extraño 
y
ʝ44.74%y
j42.11%tuy
i13.16%hay 
z
θ100.00%pizarra 
á
a100.00%matemáticas 
é
e100.00%qué 
í
i100.00%rí
ñ
ɲ97.37%bañ
ɳ2.63%añadir 
ó
o94.23%jabó
õ5.77%conversació
ú
u100.00%azúcar 
ü
w100.00%sinvergüenza