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Conjugation of the Italian verb tenere

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb tenere, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
tenereto keep

Present Indicative
io tengoI keep
tu tieniyou keep
lui tienehe keeps
lei tieneshe keeps
noi teniamowe keep
voi teneteyou keep
loro tengonothey keep

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto tenendoI am keeping
tu stai tenendoyou are keeping
lui sta tenendohe is keeping
lei sta tenendoshe is keeping
noi stiamo tenendowe are keeping
voi state tenendoyou are keeping
loro stanno tenendothey are keeping

Imperfect Indicative
io tenevoI was keeping
tu teneviyou were keeping
lui tenevahe was keeping
lei tenevashe was keeping
noi tenevamowe were keeping
voi tenevateyou were keeping
loro tenevanothey were keeping

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io tenniI kept
tu tenestiyou kept
lui tennehe kept
lei tenneshe kept
noi tenemmowe kept
voi tenesteyou kept
loro tennerothey kept

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho tenutoI kept
tu hai tenutoyou kept
lui ha tenutohe kept
lei ha tenutoshe kept
noi abbiamo tenutowe kept
voi avete tenutoyou kept
loro hanno tenutothey kept

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo tenutoI had kept
tu avevi tenutoyou had kept
lui aveva tenutohe had kept
lei aveva tenutoshe had kept
noi avevamo tenutowe had kept
voi avevate tenutoyou had kept
loro avevano tenutothey had kept

Future Indicative
io terròI will keep
tu terraiyou will keep
lui terràhe will keep
lei terràshe will keep
noi terremowe will keep
voi terreteyou will keep
loro terrannothey will keep

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò tenutoI will have kept
tu avrai tenutoyou will have kept
lui avrà tenutohe will have kept
lei avrà tenutoshe will have kept
noi avremo tenutowe will have kept
voi avrete tenutoyou will have kept
loro avranno tenutothey will have kept

Conditional
io terreiI would keep
tu terrestiyou would keep
lui terrebbehe would keep
lei terrebbeshe would keep
noi terremmowe would keep
voi terresteyou would keep
loro terrebberothey would keep

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei tenutoI would have kept
tu avresti tenutoyou would have kept
lui avrebbe tenutohe would have kept
lei avrebbe tenutoshe would have kept
noi avremmo tenutowe would have kept
voi avreste tenutoyou would have kept
loro avrebbero tenutothey would have kept

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io tenga(... that) I keep
(... che) tu tenga(... that) you keep
(... che) lui tenga(... that) he keeps
(... che) lei tenga(... that) she keeps
(... che) noi teniamo(... that) we keep
(... che) voi teniate(... that) you keep
(... che) loro tengano(... that) they keep

Imperative
tieni Keep
teniamoLet's keep
tenete Keep

Present Participle
tenente keeping

Past Participle
tenuto kept


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