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Conjugation of the Italian verb spiegare

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb spiegare, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
spiegareto explain

Present Indicative
io spiegoI explain
tu spieghiyou explain
lui spiegahe explains
lei spiegashe explains
noi spieghiamowe explain
voi spiegateyou explain
loro spieganothey explain

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto spiegandoI am explaining
tu stai spiegandoyou are explaining
lui sta spiegandohe is explaining
lei sta spiegandoshe is explaining
noi stiamo spiegandowe are explaining
voi state spiegandoyou are explaining
loro stanno spiegandothey are explaining

Imperfect Indicative
io spiegavoI was explaining
tu spiegaviyou were explaining
lui spiegavahe was explaining
lei spiegavashe was explaining
noi spiegavamowe were explaining
voi spiegavateyou were explaining
loro spiegavanothey were explaining

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io spiegaiI explained
tu spiegastiyou explained
lui spiegòhe explained
lei spiegòshe explained
noi spiegammowe explained
voi spiegasteyou explained
loro spiegaronothey explained

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho spiegatoI explained
tu hai spiegatoyou explained
lui ha spiegatohe explained
lei ha spiegatoshe explained
noi abbiamo spiegatowe explained
voi avete spiegatoyou explained
loro hanno spiegatothey explained

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo spiegatoI had explained
tu avevi spiegatoyou had explained
lui aveva spiegatohe had explained
lei aveva spiegatoshe had explained
noi avevamo spiegatowe had explained
voi avevate spiegatoyou had explained
loro avevano spiegatothey had explained

Future Indicative
io spiegheròI will explain
tu spiegheraiyou will explain
lui spiegheràhe will explain
lei spiegheràshe will explain
noi spiegheremowe will explain
voi spieghereteyou will explain
loro spiegherannothey will explain

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò spiegatoI will have explained
tu avrai spiegatoyou will have explained
lui avrà spiegatohe will have explained
lei avrà spiegatoshe will have explained
noi avremo spiegatowe will have explained
voi avrete spiegatoyou will have explained
loro avranno spiegatothey will have explained

Conditional
io spieghereiI would explain
tu spiegherestiyou would explain
lui spiegherebbehe would explain
lei spiegherebbeshe would explain
noi spiegheremmowe would explain
voi spiegheresteyou would explain
loro spiegherebberothey would explain

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei spiegatoI would have explained
tu avresti spiegatoyou would have explained
lui avrebbe spiegatohe would have explained
lei avrebbe spiegatoshe would have explained
noi avremmo spiegatowe would have explained
voi avreste spiegatoyou would have explained
loro avrebbero spiegatothey would have explained

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io spieghi(... that) I explain
(... che) tu spieghi(... that) you explain
(... che) lui spieghi(... that) he explains
(... che) lei spieghi(... that) she explains
(... che) noi spieghiamo(... that) we explain
(... che) voi spieghiate(... that) you explain
(... che) loro spieghino(... that) they explain

Imperative
spiega Explain
spieghiamoLet's explain
spiegate Explain

Present Participle
spiegante explaining

Past Participle
spiegato explained


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