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Conjugation of the Italian verb sperare

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb sperare, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
sperareto hope

Present Indicative
io speroI hope
tu speriyou hope
lui sperahe hopes
lei sperashe hopes
noi speriamowe hope
voi sperateyou hope
loro speranothey hope

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto sperandoI am hoping
tu stai sperandoyou are hoping
lui sta sperandohe is hoping
lei sta sperandoshe is hoping
noi stiamo sperandowe are hoping
voi state sperandoyou are hoping
loro stanno sperandothey are hoping

Imperfect Indicative
io speravoI was hoping
tu speraviyou were hoping
lui speravahe was hoping
lei speravashe was hoping
noi speravamowe were hoping
voi speravateyou were hoping
loro speravanothey were hoping

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io speraiI hoped
tu sperastiyou hoped
lui speròhe hoped
lei speròshe hoped
noi sperammowe hoped
voi sperasteyou hoped
loro speraronothey hoped

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho speratoI hoped
tu hai speratoyou hoped
lui ha speratohe hoped
lei ha speratoshe hoped
noi abbiamo speratowe hoped
voi avete speratoyou hoped
loro hanno speratothey hoped

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo speratoI had hoped
tu avevi speratoyou had hoped
lui aveva speratohe had hoped
lei aveva speratoshe had hoped
noi avevamo speratowe had hoped
voi avevate speratoyou had hoped
loro avevano speratothey had hoped

Future Indicative
io spereròI will hope
tu spereraiyou will hope
lui spereràhe will hope
lei spereràshe will hope
noi spereremowe will hope
voi sperereteyou will hope
loro spererannothey will hope

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò speratoI will have hoped
tu avrai speratoyou will have hoped
lui avrà speratohe will have hoped
lei avrà speratoshe will have hoped
noi avremo speratowe will have hoped
voi avrete speratoyou will have hoped
loro avranno speratothey will have hoped

Conditional
io sperereiI would hope
tu spererestiyou would hope
lui spererebbehe would hope
lei spererebbeshe would hope
noi spereremmowe would hope
voi spereresteyou would hope
loro spererebberothey would hope

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei speratoI would have hoped
tu avresti speratoyou would have hoped
lui avrebbe speratohe would have hoped
lei avrebbe speratoshe would have hoped
noi avremmo speratowe would have hoped
voi avreste speratoyou would have hoped
loro avrebbero speratothey would have hoped

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io speri(... that) I hope
(... che) tu speri(... that) you hope
(... che) lui speri(... that) he hopes
(... che) lei speri(... that) she hopes
(... che) voi speriate(... that) you hope
(... che) loro sperino(... that) they hope

Imperative
spera Hope
sperate Hope

Present Participle
sperante hoping

Past Participle
sperato hoped


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