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Conjugation of the Italian verb sostenere

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb sostenere, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
sostenereto support

Present Indicative
io sostengoI support
tu sostieniyou support
lui sostienehe supports
lei sostieneshe supports
noi sosteniamowe support
voi sosteneteyou support
loro sostengonothey support

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto sostenendoI am supporting
tu stai sostenendoyou are supporting
lui sta sostenendohe is supporting
lei sta sostenendoshe is supporting
noi stiamo sostenendowe are supporting
voi state sostenendoyou are supporting
loro stanno sostenendothey are supporting

Imperfect Indicative
io sostenevoI was supporting
tu sosteneviyou were supporting
lui sostenevahe was supporting
lei sostenevashe was supporting
noi sostenevamowe were supporting
voi sostenevateyou were supporting
loro sostenevanothey were supporting

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io sostenniI supported
tu sostenestiyou supported
lui sostennehe supported
lei sostenneshe supported
noi sostenemmowe supported
voi sostenesteyou supported
loro sostennerothey supported

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho sostenutoI supported
tu hai sostenutoyou supported
lui ha sostenutohe supported
lei ha sostenutoshe supported
noi abbiamo sostenutowe supported
voi avete sostenutoyou supported
loro hanno sostenutothey supported

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo sostenutoI had supported
tu avevi sostenutoyou had supported
lui aveva sostenutohe had supported
lei aveva sostenutoshe had supported
noi avevamo sostenutowe had supported
voi avevate sostenutoyou had supported
loro avevano sostenutothey had supported

Future Indicative
io sosterròI will support
tu sosterraiyou will support
lui sosterràhe will support
lei sosterràshe will support
noi sosterremowe will support
voi sosterreteyou will support
loro sosterrannothey will support

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò sostenutoI will have supported
tu avrai sostenutoyou will have supported
lui avrà sostenutohe will have supported
lei avrà sostenutoshe will have supported
noi avremo sostenutowe will have supported
voi avrete sostenutoyou will have supported
loro avranno sostenutothey will have supported

Conditional
io sosterreiI would support
tu sosterrestiyou would support
lui sosterrebbehe would support
lei sosterrebbeshe would support
noi sosterremmowe would support
voi sosterresteyou would support
loro sosterrebberothey would support

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei sostenutoI would have supported
tu avresti sostenutoyou would have supported
lui avrebbe sostenutohe would have supported
lei avrebbe sostenutoshe would have supported
noi avremmo sostenutowe would have supported
voi avreste sostenutoyou would have supported
loro avrebbero sostenutothey would have supported

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io sostenga(... that) I support
(... che) tu sostenga(... that) you support
(... che) lui sostenga(... that) he supports
(... che) lei sostenga(... that) she supports
(... che) noi sosteniamo(... that) we support
(... che) voi sosteniate(... that) you support
(... che) loro sostengano(... that) they support

Imperative
sostieni Support
sosteniamoLet's support
sostenete Support

Present Participle
sostenente supporting

Past Participle
sostenuto supported


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