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Conjugation of the Italian verb sapere

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb sapere, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
sapereto know

Present Indicative
io soI know
tu saiyou know
lui sahe knows
lei sashe knows
noi sappiamowe know
voi sapeteyou know
loro sannothey know

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto sapendoI am knowing
tu stai sapendoyou are knowing
lui sta sapendohe is knowing
lei sta sapendoshe is knowing
noi stiamo sapendowe are knowing
voi state sapendoyou are knowing
loro stanno sapendothey are knowing

Imperfect Indicative
io sapevoI was knowing
tu sapeviyou were knowing
lui sapevahe was knowing
lei sapevashe was knowing
noi sapevamowe were knowing
voi sapevateyou were knowing
loro sapevanothey were knowing

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io seppiI knew
tu sapestiyou knew
lui seppehe knew
lei seppeshe knew
noi sapemmowe knew
voi sapesteyou knew
loro sepperothey knew

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho saputoI knew
tu hai saputoyou knew
lui ha saputohe knew
lei ha saputoshe knew
noi abbiamo saputowe knew
voi avete saputoyou knew
loro hanno saputothey knew

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo saputoI had known
tu avevi saputoyou had known
lui aveva saputohe had known
lei aveva saputoshe had known
noi avevamo saputowe had known
voi avevate saputoyou had known
loro avevano saputothey had known

Future Indicative
io sapròI will know
tu sapraiyou will know
lui sapràhe will know
lei sapràshe will know
noi sapremowe will know
voi sapreteyou will know
loro saprannothey will know

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò saputoI will have known
tu avrai saputoyou will have known
lui avrà saputohe will have known
lei avrà saputoshe will have known
noi avremo saputowe will have known
voi avrete saputoyou will have known
loro avranno saputothey will have known

Conditional
io sapreiI would know
tu saprestiyou would know
lui saprebbehe would know
lei saprebbeshe would know
noi sapremmowe would know
voi sapresteyou would know
loro saprebberothey would know

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei saputoI would have known
tu avresti saputoyou would have known
lui avrebbe saputohe would have known
lei avrebbe saputoshe would have known
noi avremmo saputowe would have known
voi avreste saputoyou would have known
loro avrebbero saputothey would have known

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io sappia(... that) I know
(... che) tu sappia(... that) you know
(... che) lui sappia(... that) he knows
(... che) lei sappia(... that) she knows
(... che) noi sappiamo(... that) we know
(... che) voi sappiate(... that) you know
(... che) loro sappiano(... that) they know

Imperfect Subjunctive
(... che) je sapessi(... that) I was knowing
(... che) tu sapessi(... that) you were knowing
(... che) il sapesse(... that) he was knowing
(... che) elle sapesse(... that) she was knowing
(... che) nous sapessimo(... that) we were knowing
(... che) vous sapeste(... that) you were knowing
(... che) ils sapessero(... that) they were knowing
(... che) elles sapessero(... that) they were knowing

Imperative
sappi Know

Present Participle
sapiente knowing

Past Participle
saputo known


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