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Conjugation of the Italian verb potere

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb potere, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
potereto be able to

Present Indicative
io possoI am able to
tu puoiyou are able to
lui puòhe is able to
lei puòshe is able to
noi possiamowe are able to
voi poteteyou are able to
loro possonothey are able to

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto potendoI am being able to
tu stai potendoyou are being able to
lui sta potendohe is being able to
lei sta potendoshe is being able to
noi stiamo potendowe are being able to
voi state potendoyou are being able to
loro stanno potendothey are being able to

Imperfect Indicative
io potevoI was being able to
tu poteviyou were being able to
lui potevahe was being able to
lei potevashe was being able to
noi potevamowe were being able to
voi potevateyou were being able to
loro potevanothey were being able to

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io potettiI was able to
tu potestiyou were able to
lui potettehe was able to
lei potetteshe was able to
noi potemmowe were able to
voi potesteyou were able to
loro potetterothey were able to

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho potutoI was able to
tu hai potutoyou were able to
lui ha potutohe was able to
lei ha potutoshe was able to
noi abbiamo potutowe were able to
voi avete potutoyou were able to
loro hanno potutothey were able to

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo potutoI had been able to
tu avevi potutoyou had been able to
lui aveva potutohe had been able to
lei aveva potutoshe had been able to
noi avevamo potutowe had been able to
voi avevate potutoyou had been able to
loro avevano potutothey had been able to

Future Indicative
io potròI will be able to
tu potraiyou will be able to
lui potràhe will be able to
lei potràshe will be able to
noi potremowe will be able to
voi potreteyou will be able to
loro potrannothey will be able to

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò potutoI will have been able to
tu avrai potutoyou will have been able to
lui avrà potutohe will have been able to
lei avrà potutoshe will have been able to
noi avremo potutowe will have been able to
voi avrete potutoyou will have been able to
loro avranno potutothey will have been able to

Conditional
io potreiI would be able to
tu potrestiyou would be able to
lui potrebbehe would be able to
lei potrebbeshe would be able to
noi potremmowe would be able to
voi potresteyou would be able to
loro potrebberothey would be able to

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei potutoI would have been able to
tu avresti potutoyou would have been able to
lui avrebbe potutohe would have been able to
lei avrebbe potutoshe would have been able to
noi avremmo potutowe would have been able to
voi avreste potutoyou would have been able to
loro avrebbero potutothey would have been able to

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io possa(... that) I am able to
(... che) tu possa(... that) you are able to
(... che) lui possa(... that) he is able to
(... che) lei possa(... that) she is able to
(... che) voi possiate(... that) you are able to
(... che) loro possano(... that) they are able to

Imperfect Subjunctive
(... che) je potessi(... that) I was being able to
(... che) tu potessi(... that) you were being able to
(... che) il potesse(... that) he was being able to
(... che) elle potesse(... that) she was being able to
(... che) nous potessimo(... that) we were being able to
(... che) vous poteste(... that) you were being able to
(... che) ils potessero(... that) they were being able to
(... che) elles potessero(... that) they were being able to

Present Participle
potente being able to

Past Participle
potuto been able to


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