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Conjugation of the Italian verb potere

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb potere, along with their English translations.



Infinitive
potereto be able to

Present Indicative
io possoI can
tu puoiyou can
lui puòhe can
lei puòshe can
noi possiamowe can
voi poteteyou can
loro possonothey can

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto potendoI am being able to
tu stai potendoyou are being able to
lui sta potendohe is being able to
lei sta potendoshe is being able to
noi stiamo potendowe are being able to
voi state potendoyou are being able to
loro stanno potendothey are being able to

Imperfect Indicative
io potevoI was able to
tu poteviyou were able to
lui potevahe was able to
lei potevashe was able to
noi potevamowe were able to
voi potevateyou were able to
loro potevanothey were able to

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io potettiI could
tu potestiyou could
lui potettehe could
lei potetteshe could
noi potemmowe could
voi potesteyou could
loro potetterothey could

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho potutoI could
tu hai potutoyou could
lui ha potutohe could
lei ha potutoshe could
noi abbiamo potutowe could
voi avete potutoyou could
loro hanno potutothey could

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo potutoI had been able to
tu avevi potutoyou had been able to
lui aveva potutohe had been able to
lei aveva potutoshe had been able to
noi avevamo potutowe had been able to
voi avevate potutoyou had been able to
loro avevano potutothey had been able to

Future Indicative
io potròI will be able to
tu potraiyou will be able to
lui potràhe will be able to
lei potràshe will be able to
noi potremowe will be able to
voi potreteyou will be able to
loro potrannothey will be able to

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò potutoI will have been able to
tu avrai potutoyou will have been able to
lui avrà potutohe will have been able to
lei avrà potutoshe will have been able to
noi avremo potutowe will have been able to
voi avrete potutoyou will have been able to
loro avranno potutothey will have been able to

Conditional
io potreiI could
tu potrestiyou could
lui potrebbehe could
lei potrebbeshe could
noi potremmowe could
voi potresteyou could
loro potrebberothey could

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei potutoI would have been able to
tu avresti potutoyou would have been able to
lui avrebbe potutohe would have been able to
lei avrebbe potutoshe would have been able to
noi avremmo potutowe would have been able to
voi avreste potutoyou would have been able to
loro avrebbero potutothey would have been able to

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io possa(... that) I can
(... che) tu possa(... that) you can
(... che) lui possa(... that) he can
(... che) lei possa(... that) she can
(... che) voi possiate(... that) you can
(... che) loro possano(... that) they can

Present Participle
potente being able to

Past Participle
potuto been able to


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