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Conjugation of the Italian verb giocare

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb giocare, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
giocareto play

Present Indicative
io giocoI play
tu giochiyou play
lui giocahe plays
lei giocashe plays
noi giochiamowe play
voi giocateyou play
loro giocanothey play

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto giocandoI am playing
tu stai giocandoyou are playing
lui sta giocandohe is playing
lei sta giocandoshe is playing
noi stiamo giocandowe are playing
voi state giocandoyou are playing
loro stanno giocandothey are playing

Imperfect Indicative
io giocavoI was playing
tu giocaviyou were playing
lui giocavahe was playing
lei giocavashe was playing
noi giocavamowe were playing
voi giocavateyou were playing
loro giocavanothey were playing

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io giocaiI played
tu giocastiyou played
lui giocòhe played
lei giocòshe played
noi giocammowe played
voi giocasteyou played
loro giocaronothey played

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho giocatoI played
tu hai giocatoyou played
lui ha giocatohe played
lei ha giocatoshe played
noi abbiamo giocatowe played
voi avete giocatoyou played
loro hanno giocatothey played

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo giocatoI had played
tu avevi giocatoyou had played
lui aveva giocatohe had played
lei aveva giocatoshe had played
noi avevamo giocatowe had played
voi avevate giocatoyou had played
loro avevano giocatothey had played

Future Indicative
io giocheròI will play
tu giocheraiyou will play
lui giocheràhe will play
lei giocheràshe will play
noi giocheremowe will play
voi giochereteyou will play
loro giocherannothey will play

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò giocatoI will have played
tu avrai giocatoyou will have played
lui avrà giocatohe will have played
lei avrà giocatoshe will have played
noi avremo giocatowe will have played
voi avrete giocatoyou will have played
loro avranno giocatothey will have played

Conditional
io giochereiI would play
tu giocherestiyou would play
lui giocherebbehe would play
lei giocherebbeshe would play
noi giocheremmowe would play
voi giocheresteyou would play
loro giocherebberothey would play

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei giocatoI would have played
tu avresti giocatoyou would have played
lui avrebbe giocatohe would have played
lei avrebbe giocatoshe would have played
noi avremmo giocatowe would have played
voi avreste giocatoyou would have played
loro avrebbero giocatothey would have played

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io giochi(... that) I play
(... che) tu giochi(... that) you play
(... che) lui giochi(... that) he plays
(... che) lei giochi(... that) she plays
(... che) noi giochiamo(... that) we play
(... che) voi giochiate(... that) you play
(... che) loro giochino(... that) they play

Imperfect Subjunctive
(... che) je giocassi(... that) I was playing
(... che) tu giocassi(... that) you were playing
(... che) il giocasse(... that) he was playing
(... che) elle giocasse(... that) she was playing
(... che) nous giocassimo(... that) we were playing
(... che) vous giocaste(... that) you were playing
(... che) ils giocassero(... that) they were playing
(... che) elles giocassero(... that) they were playing

Imperative
gioca Play
giochiamoLet's play
giocate Play

Present Participle
giocante playing

Past Participle
giocato played


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