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Conjugation of the Italian verb fermare

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb fermare, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
fermareto stop

Present Indicative
io fermoI stop
tu fermiyou stop
lui fermahe stops
lei fermashe stops
noi fermiamowe stop
voi fermateyou stop
loro fermanothey stop

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto fermandoI am stopping
tu stai fermandoyou are stopping
lui sta fermandohe is stopping
lei sta fermandoshe is stopping
noi stiamo fermandowe are stopping
voi state fermandoyou are stopping
loro stanno fermandothey are stopping

Imperfect Indicative
io fermavoI was stopping
tu fermaviyou were stopping
lui fermavahe was stopping
lei fermavashe was stopping
noi fermavamowe were stopping
voi fermavateyou were stopping
loro fermavanothey were stopping

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io fermaiI stopped
tu fermastiyou stopped
lui fermòhe stopped
lei fermòshe stopped
noi fermammowe stopped
voi fermasteyou stopped
loro fermaronothey stopped

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho fermatoI stopped
tu hai fermatoyou stopped
lui ha fermatohe stopped
lei ha fermatoshe stopped
noi abbiamo fermatowe stopped
voi avete fermatoyou stopped
loro hanno fermatothey stopped

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo fermatoI had stopped
tu avevi fermatoyou had stopped
lui aveva fermatohe had stopped
lei aveva fermatoshe had stopped
noi avevamo fermatowe had stopped
voi avevate fermatoyou had stopped
loro avevano fermatothey had stopped

Future Indicative
io fermeròI will stop
tu fermeraiyou will stop
lui fermeràhe will stop
lei fermeràshe will stop
noi fermeremowe will stop
voi fermereteyou will stop
loro fermerannothey will stop

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò fermatoI will have stopped
tu avrai fermatoyou will have stopped
lui avrà fermatohe will have stopped
lei avrà fermatoshe will have stopped
noi avremo fermatowe will have stopped
voi avrete fermatoyou will have stopped
loro avranno fermatothey will have stopped

Conditional
io fermereiI would stop
tu fermerestiyou would stop
lui fermerebbehe would stop
lei fermerebbeshe would stop
noi fermeremmowe would stop
voi fermeresteyou would stop
loro fermerebberothey would stop

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei fermatoI would have stopped
tu avresti fermatoyou would have stopped
lui avrebbe fermatohe would have stopped
lei avrebbe fermatoshe would have stopped
noi avremmo fermatowe would have stopped
voi avreste fermatoyou would have stopped
loro avrebbero fermatothey would have stopped

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io fermi(... that) I stop
(... che) tu fermi(... that) you stop
(... che) lui fermi(... that) he stops
(... che) lei fermi(... that) she stops
(... che) noi fermiamo(... that) we stop
(... che) voi fermiate(... that) you stop
(... che) loro fermino(... that) they stop

Imperative
ferma Stop
fermiamoLet's stop
fermate Stop

Present Participle
fermante stopping

Past Participle
fermato stopped


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