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Conjugation of the Italian verb essere

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb essere, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
essereto be

Present Indicative
io sonoI am
tu seiyou are
lui èhe is
lei èshe is
noi siamowe are
voi sieteyou are
loro sonothey are

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto essendoI am being
tu stai essendoyou are being
lui sta essendohe is being
lei sta essendoshe is being
noi stiamo essendowe are being
voi state essendoyou are being
loro stanno essendothey are being

Imperfect Indicative
io eroI was being
tu eriyou were being
lui erahe was being
lei erashe was being
noi eravamowe were being
voi eravateyou were being
loro eranothey were being

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io fuiI was
tu fostiyou were
lui fuhe was
lei fushe was
noi fummowe were
voi fosteyou were
loro furonothey were

Past / Passato prossimo
io sono statoI was
tu sei statoyou were
lui è statohe was

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io ero statoI had been
tu eri statoyou had been
lui era statohe had been
lei era statashe had been
noi eravamo statiwe had been
voi eravate statiyou had been
loro erano statithey had been
loro erano statethey had been

Future Indicative
io saròI will be
tu saraiyou will be
lui saràhe will be
lei saràshe will be
noi saremowe will be
voi sareteyou will be
loro sarannothey will be

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io sarò statoI will have been
tu sarai statoyou will have been
lui sarà statohe will have been
lei sarà statashe will have been
noi saremo statiwe will have been
voi sarete statiyou will have been
loro saranno statithey will have been
loro saranno statethey will have been

Conditional
io sareiI would be
tu sarestiyou would be
lui sarebbehe would be
lei sarebbeshe would be
noi saremmowe would be
voi saresteyou would be
loro sarebberothey would be

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io sia(... that) I am
(... che) tu sia(... that) you are
(... che) lui sia(... that) he is
(... che) lei sia(... that) she is
(... che) noi siamo(... that) we are
(... che) voi siate(... that) you are
(... che) loro siano(... that) they are

Imperfect Subjunctive
(... che) je fossi(... that) I was being
(... che) tu fossi(... that) you were being
(... che) il fosse(... that) he was being
(... che) elle fosse(... that) she was being
(... che) nous fossimo(... that) we were being
(... che) vous foste(... that) you were being
(... che) ils fossero(... that) they were being
(... che) elles fossero(... that) they were being

Imperative
sii Be
siamoLet's be
siate Be

Past Participle
stato been


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