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Conjugation of the Italian verb dovere

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb dovere, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
dovereto owe

Present Indicative
io debboI owe
tu deviyou owe
lui devehe owes
lei deveshe owes
noi dobbiamowe owe
voi doveteyou owe
loro debbonothey owe

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto dovendoI am owing
tu stai dovendoyou are owing
lui sta dovendohe is owing
lei sta dovendoshe is owing
noi stiamo dovendowe are owing
voi state dovendoyou are owing
loro stanno dovendothey are owing

Imperfect Indicative
io dovevoI was owing
tu doveviyou were owing
lui dovevahe was owing
lei dovevashe was owing
noi dovevamowe were owing
voi dovevateyou were owing
loro dovevanothey were owing

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io dovettiI owed
tu dovestiyou owed
lui dovettehe owed
lei dovetteshe owed
noi dovemmowe owed
voi dovesteyou owed
loro dovetterothey owed

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho dovutoI owed
tu hai dovutoyou owed
lui ha dovutohe owed
lei ha dovutoshe owed
noi abbiamo dovutowe owed
voi avete dovutoyou owed
loro hanno dovutothey owed

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo dovutoI had owed
tu avevi dovutoyou had owed
lui aveva dovutohe had owed
lei aveva dovutoshe had owed
noi avevamo dovutowe had owed
voi avevate dovutoyou had owed
loro avevano dovutothey had owed

Future Indicative
io dovròI will owe
tu dovraiyou will owe
lui dovràhe will owe
lei dovràshe will owe
noi dovremowe will owe
voi dovreteyou will owe
loro dovrannothey will owe

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò dovutoI will have owed
tu avrai dovutoyou will have owed
lui avrà dovutohe will have owed
lei avrà dovutoshe will have owed
noi avremo dovutowe will have owed
voi avrete dovutoyou will have owed
loro avranno dovutothey will have owed

Conditional
io dovreiI would owe
tu dovrestiyou would owe
lui dovrebbehe would owe
lei dovrebbeshe would owe
noi dovremmowe would owe
voi dovresteyou would owe
loro dovrebberothey would owe

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei dovutoI would have owed
tu avresti dovutoyou would have owed
lui avrebbe dovutohe would have owed
lei avrebbe dovutoshe would have owed
noi avremmo dovutowe would have owed
voi avreste dovutoyou would have owed
loro avrebbero dovutothey would have owed

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io debba(... that) I owe
(... che) tu debba(... that) you owe
(... che) lui debba(... that) he owes
(... che) lei debba(... that) she owes
(... che) noi dobbiamo(... that) we owe
(... che) voi dobbiate(... that) you owe
(... che) loro debbano(... that) they owe

Present Participle
dovente owing

Past Participle
dovuto owed


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