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Conjugation of the Italian verb costruire

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb costruire, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
costruireto build

Present Indicative
io costruiscoI build
tu costruisciyou build
lui costruiscehe builds
lei costruisceshe builds
noi costruiamowe build
voi costruiteyou build
loro costruisconothey build

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto costruendoI am building
tu stai costruendoyou are building
lui sta costruendohe is building
lei sta costruendoshe is building
noi stiamo costruendowe are building
voi state costruendoyou are building
loro stanno costruendothey are building

Imperfect Indicative
io costruivoI was building
tu costruiviyou were building
lui costruivahe was building
lei costruivashe was building
noi costruivamowe were building
voi costruivateyou were building
loro costruivanothey were building

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io costruiiI built
tu costruistiyou built
lui costruìhe built
lei costruìshe built
noi costruimmowe built
voi costruisteyou built
loro costruironothey built

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho costruitoI built
tu hai costruitoyou built
lui ha costruitohe built
lei ha costruitoshe built
noi abbiamo costruitowe built
voi avete costruitoyou built
loro hanno costruitothey built

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo costruitoI had built
tu avevi costruitoyou had built
lui aveva costruitohe had built
lei aveva costruitoshe had built
noi avevamo costruitowe had built
voi avevate costruitoyou had built
loro avevano costruitothey had built

Future Indicative
io costruiròI will build
tu costruiraiyou will build
lui costruiràhe will build
lei costruiràshe will build
noi costruiremowe will build
voi costruireteyou will build
loro costruirannothey will build

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò costruitoI will have built
tu avrai costruitoyou will have built
lui avrà costruitohe will have built
lei avrà costruitoshe will have built
noi avremo costruitowe will have built
voi avrete costruitoyou will have built
loro avranno costruitothey will have built

Conditional
io costruireiI would build
tu costruirestiyou would build
lui costruirebbehe would build
lei costruirebbeshe would build
noi costruiremmowe would build
voi costruiresteyou would build
loro costruirebberothey would build

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei costruitoI would have built
tu avresti costruitoyou would have built
lui avrebbe costruitohe would have built
lei avrebbe costruitoshe would have built
noi avremmo costruitowe would have built
voi avreste costruitoyou would have built
loro avrebbero costruitothey would have built

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io costruisca(... that) I build
(... che) tu costruisca(... that) you build
(... che) lui costruisca(... that) he builds
(... che) lei costruisca(... that) she builds
(... che) noi costruiamo(... that) we build
(... che) voi costruiate(... that) you build
(... che) loro costruiscano(... that) they build

Imperative
costruisce Build
costruiamoLet's build
costruite Build

Present Participle
costruente building

Past Participle
costruito built


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