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Conjugation of the Italian verb cominciare

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb cominciare, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
cominciareto start

Present Indicative
io comincioI start
tu cominciyou start
lui cominciahe starts
lei cominciashe starts
noi cominciamowe start
voi cominciateyou start
loro comincianothey start

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto cominciandoI am starting
tu stai cominciandoyou are starting
lui sta cominciandohe is starting
lei sta cominciandoshe is starting
noi stiamo cominciandowe are starting
voi state cominciandoyou are starting
loro stanno cominciandothey are starting

Imperfect Indicative
io cominciavoI was starting
tu cominciaviyou were starting
lui cominciavahe was starting
lei cominciavashe was starting
noi cominciavamowe were starting
voi cominciavateyou were starting
loro cominciavanothey were starting

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io cominciaiI started
tu cominciastiyou started
lui cominciòhe started
lei cominciòshe started
noi cominciammowe started
voi cominciasteyou started
loro cominciaronothey started

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho cominciatoI started
tu hai cominciatoyou started
lui ha cominciatohe started
lei ha cominciatoshe started
noi abbiamo cominciatowe started
voi avete cominciatoyou started
loro hanno cominciatothey started

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo cominciatoI had started
tu avevi cominciatoyou had started
lui aveva cominciatohe had started
lei aveva cominciatoshe had started
noi avevamo cominciatowe had started
voi avevate cominciatoyou had started
loro avevano cominciatothey had started

Future Indicative
io cominceròI will start
tu cominceraiyou will start
lui cominceràhe will start
lei cominceràshe will start
noi cominceremowe will start
voi comincereteyou will start
loro comincerannothey will start

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò cominciatoI will have started
tu avrai cominciatoyou will have started
lui avrà cominciatohe will have started
lei avrà cominciatoshe will have started
noi avremo cominciatowe will have started
voi avrete cominciatoyou will have started
loro avranno cominciatothey will have started

Conditional
io comincereiI would start
tu comincerestiyou would start
lui comincerebbehe would start
lei comincerebbeshe would start
noi cominceremmowe would start
voi cominceresteyou would start
loro comincerebberothey would start

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei cominciatoI would have started
tu avresti cominciatoyou would have started
lui avrebbe cominciatohe would have started
lei avrebbe cominciatoshe would have started
noi avremmo cominciatowe would have started
voi avreste cominciatoyou would have started
loro avrebbero cominciatothey would have started

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io cominci(... that) I start
(... che) tu cominci(... that) you start
(... che) lui cominci(... that) he starts
(... che) lei cominci(... that) she starts
(... che) noi cominciamo(... that) we start
(... che) voi cominciate(... that) you start
(... che) loro comincino(... that) they start

Imperative
comincia Start
cominciamoLet's start
cominciate Start

Present Participle
cominciante starting

Past Participle
cominciato started


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