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Conjugation of the Italian verb chiudere

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb chiudere, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
chiudereto close

Present Indicative
io chiudoI close
tu chiudiyou close
lui chiudehe closes
lei chiudeshe closes
noi chiudiamowe close
voi chiudeteyou close
loro chiudonothey close

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto chiudendoI am closing
tu stai chiudendoyou are closing
lui sta chiudendohe is closing
lei sta chiudendoshe is closing
noi stiamo chiudendowe are closing
voi state chiudendoyou are closing
loro stanno chiudendothey are closing

Imperfect Indicative
io chiudevoI was closing
tu chiudeviyou were closing
lui chiudevahe was closing
lei chiudevashe was closing
noi chiudevamowe were closing
voi chiudevateyou were closing
loro chiudevanothey were closing

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io chiusiI closed
tu chiudestiyou closed
lui chiusehe closed
lei chiuseshe closed
noi chiudemmowe closed
voi chiudesteyou closed
loro chiuserothey closed

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho chiusoI closed
tu hai chiusoyou closed
lui ha chiusohe closed
lei ha chiusoshe closed
noi abbiamo chiusowe closed
voi avete chiusoyou closed
loro hanno chiusothey closed

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo chiusoI had closed
tu avevi chiusoyou had closed
lui aveva chiusohe had closed
lei aveva chiusoshe had closed
noi avevamo chiusowe had closed
voi avevate chiusoyou had closed
loro avevano chiusothey had closed

Future Indicative
io chiuderòI will close
tu chiuderaiyou will close
lui chiuderàhe will close
lei chiuderàshe will close
noi chiuderemowe will close
voi chiudereteyou will close
loro chiuderannothey will close

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò chiusoI will have closed
tu avrai chiusoyou will have closed
lui avrà chiusohe will have closed
lei avrà chiusoshe will have closed
noi avremo chiusowe will have closed
voi avrete chiusoyou will have closed
loro avranno chiusothey will have closed

Conditional
io chiudereiI would close
tu chiuderestiyou would close
lui chiuderebbehe would close
lei chiuderebbeshe would close
noi chiuderemmowe would close
voi chiuderesteyou would close
loro chiuderebberothey would close

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei chiusoI would have closed
tu avresti chiusoyou would have closed
lui avrebbe chiusohe would have closed
lei avrebbe chiusoshe would have closed
noi avremmo chiusowe would have closed
voi avreste chiusoyou would have closed
loro avrebbero chiusothey would have closed

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io chiuda(... that) I close
(... che) tu chiuda(... that) you close
(... che) lui chiuda(... that) he closes
(... che) lei chiuda(... that) she closes
(... che) noi chiudiamo(... that) we close
(... che) voi chiudiate(... that) you close
(... che) loro chiudano(... that) they close

Imperative
chiudi Close
chiudiamoLet's close
chiudete Close

Present Participle
chiudente closing

Past Participle
chiuso closed


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