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Conjugation of the Italian verb cantare

A list of the common conjugations for the Italian verb cantare, along with their English translations.

Infinitive
cantareto sing

Present Indicative
io cantoI sing
tu cantiyou sing
lui cantahe sings
lei cantashe sings
noi cantiamowe sing
voi cantateyou sing
loro cantanothey sing

Present Continuous / Presente Progressivo
Note for the Present Continuous Italian uses the present tense of the verb stare and the gerund of the verb.
io sto cantandoI am singing
tu stai cantandoyou are singing
lui sta cantandohe is singing
lei sta cantandoshe is singing
noi stiamo cantandowe are singing
voi state cantandoyou are singing
loro stanno cantandothey are singing

Imperfect Indicative
io cantavoI was singing
tu cantaviyou were singing
lui cantavahe was singing
lei cantavashe was singing
noi cantavamowe were singing
voi cantavateyou were singing
loro cantavanothey were singing

Past Historic / Passato remoto
This is a literary tense, i.e. a tense used in writing, in everyday speech the Passato Prossimo is used to refer to past actions.
io cantaiI sang
tu cantastiyou sang
lui cantòhe sang
lei cantòshe sang
noi cantammowe sang
voi cantasteyou sang
loro cantaronothey sang

Past / Passato prossimo
io ho cantatoI sang
tu hai cantatoyou sang
lui ha cantatohe sang
lei ha cantatoshe sang
noi abbiamo cantatowe sang
voi avete cantatoyou sang
loro hanno cantatothey sang

Pluperfect / Trapassato prossimo
io avevo cantatoI had sung
tu avevi cantatoyou had sung
lui aveva cantatohe had sung
lei aveva cantatoshe had sung
noi avevamo cantatowe had sung
voi avevate cantatoyou had sung
loro avevano cantatothey had sung

Future Indicative
io canteròI will sing
tu canteraiyou will sing
lui canteràhe will sing
lei canteràshe will sing
noi canteremowe will sing
voi cantereteyou will sing
loro canterannothey will sing

Future Perfect / Futuro anteriore
The Italian Future Perfect or Futuro anteriore is made with the future tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrò cantatoI will have sung
tu avrai cantatoyou will have sung
lui avrà cantatohe will have sung
lei avrà cantatoshe will have sung
noi avremo cantatowe will have sung
voi avrete cantatoyou will have sung
loro avranno cantatothey will have sung

Conditional
io cantereiI would sing
tu canterestiyou would sing
lui canterebbehe would sing
lei canterebbeshe would sing
noi canteremmowe would sing
voi canteresteyou would sing
loro canterebberothey would sing

Conditional Perfect / Condizionale Passato
The Italian Conditional Perfect or Condizionale Passato is made with the conditional tense of avere for transitive verbs or essere for reflexive and intransitive verbs and the past participle of the verb. The past participle agrees with the subject for verbs that take essere, or with the direct object for verbs that take avere.
io avrei cantatoI would have sung
tu avresti cantatoyou would have sung
lui avrebbe cantatohe would have sung
lei avrebbe cantatoshe would have sung
noi avremmo cantatowe would have sung
voi avreste cantatoyou would have sung
loro avrebbero cantatothey would have sung

Present Subjunctive
(... che) io canti(... that) I sing
(... che) tu canti(... that) you sing
(... che) lui canti(... that) he sings
(... che) lei canti(... that) she sings
(... che) noi cantiamo(... that) we sing
(... che) voi cantiate(... that) you sing
(... che) loro cantino(... that) they sing

Imperative
canta Sing
cantiamoLet's sing
cantate Sing

Present Participle
cantante singing

Past Participle
cantato sung


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