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Lexis Rex - English

The Sounds of English

Below is a list of the common sounds of English and the letter groups used to represent these sounds. Letters and groups of letters may have different sounds, and this is shown along with their IPA symbols (International Phonetic Alphabet) and their frequency of occurrence.

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Spelling IPA Frequency Example
a
æ33.88%back 
ə28.99%musicia
20.57%famous 
ɑ5.03%class 
ɛ3.47%hair 
a2.75%ladder 
ɪ1.92%mountain 
ɔ1.63%called 
ɒ1.23%swallow 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
ai
100.00%rainbow 
al
100.00%social 
ar
ɑ62.22%charge 
ə32.96%mustar
ɔ4.81%wardrobe 
au
ɔ97.92%sauce 
a2.08%laugh 
augh
ɔ77.78%daughter 
ɑf22.22%laughing 
aw
ɔ100.00%jaw 
b
b100.00%boot 
bb
b100.00%cabbage 
c
k77.19%continent 
s22.81%lettuc
cc
k100.00%accountant 
ch
45.65%teacher 
k21.30%architect 
ʃ20.00%butcher 
t͡ʃ13.04%cheese 
ci
ʃ80.00%politician 
ʃi20.00%species 
ck
k100.00%jacket 
d
d100.00%hand 
dd
d100.00%addition 
don
dn̩100.00%abandoned 
e
ɛ43.75%dentist 
ɪ22.88%desert 
ə18.90%came
i8.37%species 
e4.39%engineer 
ɪə1.70%zero 
ea
i66.67%pea 
ɛ28.46%weather 
ɪ2.44%ears 
ɪə2.44%idea 
ear
ɜ32.50%early 
ɛə10.00%bear 
ɪə̯7.50%ear 
eau
ju100.00%beautiful 
ed
d100.00%used 
ee
i100.00%sixtee
eigh
100.00%eighty 
er
ə39.34%stretcher 
əɹ31.97%butterfly 
ɜ16.72%perfume 
ɚ11.97%weather 
eu
ju100.00%neutral 
ew
ju100.00%newspaper 
ey
i100.00%honey 
f
f100.00%fifty 
ff
f100.00%coffee 
g
ɡ62.93%leg 
27.65%garag
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%energ
g0.75%grandmother 
gg
ɡ100.00%egg 
gh
f100.00%laugh 
gion
dʒən100.00%religion 
h
h100.00%heard 
i
ɪ74.61%psychological 
15.34%lime 
i4.64%pianist 
ə3.88%anxious 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
ie
i100.00%piece 
igh
100.00%thigh 
ir
ɜ55.77%thirty 
ə44.23%chair 
j
87.62%pajamas 
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
k
k100.00%desk 
kn
n100.00%kneel 
l
l98.00%school 
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%cruel 
le
əl100.00%puzzle 
ll
l100.00%valley 
m
m100.00%pumpkin 
mm
m100.00%commission 
n
n96.48%snoring 
ŋ3.52%monkey 
ng
ŋ100.00%tongue 
nn
n100.00%tunnel 
o
ə30.58%mirro
ɒ26.97%fro
əʊ16.92%nose 
o6.88%sofa 
ʌ5.85%oven 
ɔ5.28%floor 
ɑ5.11%stocking 
u1.55%cano
ʊ0.86%woman 
oa
əʊ49.02%throa
ɔ31.37%dashboard 
19.61%soa
oe
ʌ100.00%doesn't 
oo
u64.12%too
ʊ33.59%loo
ʌ2.29%floo
or
ɔ91.63%hor
ɜ8.37%wor
ou
74.10%mouse 
u13.67%voluptuou
ʌ11.51%cousin 
ɑʊ0.72%found 
ough
ɔ69.23%brough
ʌf30.77%enough 
oul
ʊ100.00%coul
our
ɔɹ83.33%four 
əɹ16.67%favour 
ous
əs100.00%famous 
ow
əʊ56.84%elbow 
43.16%towel 
p
p100.00%cup 
ph
f100.00%photographer 
pp
p100.00%pepper 
ps
s100.00%psychiatrist 
qu
kw77.65%quite 
k22.35%liquor 
r
ɹ69.46%scream 
r24.03%stretcher 
ə3.31%flour 
əɹ3.20%during 
rr
ɹ100.00%ferr
s
s81.30%snow 
z17.28%wasn't 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%usually 
sh
ʃ100.00%shrug 
sion
ʒən72.00%decision 
ʃən28.00%pension 
ss
s98.17%tissue 
ʃ1.83%issue 
ssion
ʃən100.00%commission 
t
t100.00%toaster 
th
θ68.18%thumb 
ð31.82%mother-in-law 
tion
ʃən97.69%dictionary 
ʃn̩2.31%addition 
tt
t100.00%kettle 
tu
100.00%voluptuous 
u
ʌ48.46%dru
ju19.51%musician 
ə13.04%luxury 
u7.19%flute 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%incongruous 
ɪ1.44%biscuit 
ue
u100.00%blue 
ui
u100.00%frui
ur
ɜ92.86%purple 
ɜr7.14%turning 
v
v100.00%seventeen 
w
w95.39%wasn't 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
wh
ʍ84.62%when 
hw15.38%which 
wr
ɹ100.00%writing 
x
ks84.92%saxophone 
ɡ11.90%exit 
3.17%anxious 
y
i69.47%baby 
ɪ15.58%seventy 
10.59%psychological 
j4.36%yellow 
z
z100.00%lizard 
zz
z100.00%jazz