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     1. prep. Near or next to.
           The mailbox is by the bus stop.
     2. prep. At some time before (the given time), or before the end of a given time interval.
           Be back by ten o'clock!  We will send it by the first week of July.
     3. prep. Indicates the actor in a clause with its verb in the passive voice: Through the action or presence of.
           The matter was decided by the chairman.  The boat was swamped by the water.  He was protected by his body armour.
     4. prep. Indicates the creator of a work: Existing through the authorship etc. of.
           There are many well-known plays by William Shakespeare
     5. prep. Indicates the cause of a condition or event: Through the action of, caused by, responsibility for; by dint of.
     6. prep. Indicates a means: Involving/using the means of.
           I avoided the guards by moving only when they weren't looking.
     7. prep. Indicates a source of light used as illumination.
           The electricity was cut off, so we had to read by candlelight.
     8. prep. Indicates an authority, rule, or permission followed.
           I sorted the items by category.  By the power vested in me, I now pronounce you man and wife.
     9. prep. Indicates the amount of some progression: With a change of.
           Our stock is up by ten percent.
     10. prep. In the formulae X by X and by Xs, indicates a steady progression, one X after another.
           We went through the book page by page.  We crawled forward by inches.
     11. prep. Indicates a referenced source: According to.
           He cheated by his own admission.
     12. prep. Indicates an oath: With the authority of.
           By Jove! I think she's got it!  By all that is holy, I'll put an end to this.
     13. prep. Used to separate dimensions when describing the size of something.
           It is easy to invert a 2-by-2 matrix.  The room was about 4 foot by 6 foot.  The bricks used to build the wall measured 10 by 20 by 30 cm.
     14. prep. (horse breeding) Designates a horse's male parent (sire); cf. out of.
           She's a lovely little filly, by Big Lad, out of Damsel in Distress.
     15. adv. Along a path which runs by the speaker.
           I watched as it passed by.
     16. adv. In the vicinity, near.
           There was a shepherd close by.
           The shop is hard by the High Street.
     17. adv. To or at a place, as a residence or place of business.
           I'll stop by on my way home from work.
           We're right near the lifeguard station. Come by before you leave.
     18. adv. Aside, away.
           The women spent much time after harvest putting jams by for winter and spring.
     19. adj. Out of the way, subsidiary.
     20. n. (card games) A pass
     21. interj. alternative spelling of bye
by the way
by the window
     1. n. The act of extending; a stretching out; enlargement in length or breadth; an increase
     2. n. The state of being extended
     3. n. That property of a body by which it occupies a portion of space (or time, e.g. "spatiotemporal extension")
     4. n. A part of a building that has been extended from the original
     5. n. (semantics) Capacity of a concept or general term to include a greater or smaller number of objects; — correlative of intension.
     6. n. (banking, finance) A written engagement on the part of a creditor, allowing a debtor further time to pay a debt.
     7. n. (medicine) The operation of stretching a broken bone so as to bring the fragments into the same straight line.
     8. n. (weightlifting) An exercise in which an arm or leg is straightened against resistance.
     9. n. (fencing) A simple offensive action, consisting of extending the weapon arm forward.
     10. n. (telecommunication) A numerical code used to specify a specific telephone in a telecommunication network.
     11. n. (computing) A file extension.
           Files with the .txt extension usually contain text.
     12. n. (computing) An optional software component that adds functionality to an application.
           a browser extension
     13. n. (logic) The set of tuples of values that, used as arguments, satisfy the predicate.
     14. n. (grammar) A kind of derivative morpheme applied to verbs in Bantu languages.
     1. adj. (of material or fluid) Having a severe property; presenting difficulty.
     2. adj.          Resistant to pressure.
                   This bread is so stale and hard, I can barely cut it.
     3. adj.          (of drink or drugs) Strong.
     4. adj.          (of water) High in dissolved chemical salts, especially those of calcium.
     5. adj.          (physics, of a ferromagnetic material) Having the capability of being a permanent magnet by being a material with high magnetic coercivity (compare sof
     6. adj. (personal or social) Having a severe property; presenting difficulty.
     7. adj.          Requiring a lot of effort to do or understand.
                   a hard problem
     8. adj.          Demanding a lot of effort to endure.
                   a hard life
     9. adj.          Severe, harsh, unfriendly, brutal.
                   a hard master;  a hard heart;  hard words;  a hard character
                   don't be so hard on yourself
     10. adj.          (dated) Difficult to resist or control; powerful.
     11. adj. Unquestionable.
           hard evidence
     12. adj. (of a road intersection) Having a comparatively larger or a ninety-degree angle.
           At the intersection, there are two roads going to the left. Take the hard left.
     13. adj. (slang) Sexually aroused.
           I got so hard watching two hot guys wrestle each other on the beach.
     14. adj. (bodybuilding) Having muscles that are tightened as a result of intense, regular exercise.
     15. adj. phonetics, uncomparable
     16. adj.          Plosive.
                   There is a hard c in "clock" and a soft c in "centre".
     17. adj.          Unvoiced
                   Hard k, t, s, ch, as distinguished from soft, g, d, z, j.
     18. adj.          Velarized or plain, rather than palatalized
                   The letter m - ru in Russian is always hard.
     19. adj. (arts) Having a severe property; presenting a barrier to enjoyment.
     20. adj.          Rigid in the drawing or distribution of the figures; formal; lacking grace of composition.
     21. adj.          Having disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in colour or shading.
     22. adj. (uncomparable) In the form of a hard copy.
           We need both a digital archive and a hard archive.
     23. adv. (manner) With much force or effort.
           He hit the puck hard up the ice.
           They worked hard all week.
           At the intersection, bear hard left.
           The recession hit them especially hard.
           Think hard about your choices.
     24. adv. (manner) With difficulty.
           His degree was hard earned.
           The vehicle moves hard.
     25. adv. (obsolete) So as to raise difficulties.
     26. adv. (manner) Compactly.
           The lake had finally frozen hard.
     27. adv. (now archaic) Near, close.
     28. n. (nautical) A firm or paved beach or slope convenient for hauling vessels out of the water.
     29. n. (drugs, colloquial, slang) crack cocaine.
     30. n. (motorsports) (ellipsis of hard tyre) (A tyre whose compound is softer than superhards, and harder than mediums.)
relied for results on hard work
you certainly seem to have got the hard case
     1. n. (heading) Employment.
     2. n.          Labour, occupation, job.
                   My work involves a lot of travel.
     3. n.          The place where one is employed.
                   He hasn’t come home yet, he’s still at work.
     4. n.          One's employer
                   “I want to go to the R.E.M. reunion concert but I'm not sure if my work will let me off.”
     5. n. (heading) Effort.
     6. n.          Effort expended on a particular task.
                   Holding a brick over your head is hard work. It takes a lot of work to write a dictionary.
     7. n.          Sustained human effort to overcome obstacles and achieve a result.
                   We know what we must do. Let's go to work.
     8. n.          Something on which effort is expended.
                   There's lots of work waiting for me at the office.
     9. n.          (physics) A measure of energy expended in moving an object; most commonly, force times distance. No work is done if the object does not move.
                   Work is done against friction to drag a bag along the ground.
     10. n.          (physics, more generally) A measure of energy that is usefully extracted from a process.
     11. n. Sustained effort to achieve a goal or result, especially overcoming obstacles.
           We don't have much time. Let's get to work piling up those sandbags.
     12. n. Product; the result of effort.:
     13. n.          (often, in combination) The result of a particular manner of production.
                   There's a lot of guesswork involved.
     14. n.          (often, in combination) Something produced using the specified material or tool.
                   We've got some paperwork to do before we can get started. The piece was decorated with intricate filigree work.
     15. n.          A literary, artistic, or intellectual production.
                   It is a work of art.
                   the poetic works of Alexander Pope
     16. n.          A fortification.
                   William the Conqueror fortified many castles, throwing up new ramparts, bastions and all manner of works.
     17. n. (slang) The staging of events to appear as real.
     18. n. (mining) Ore before it is dressed.
     19. n. The equipment needed to inject a drug (syringes, needles, swabs etc.)
           Tell me you're using clean works at least.
     20. v. (intransitive) To do a specific task by employing physical or mental powers.
           He’s working in a bar.
     21. v.          Followed by in (or at, etc.) Said of one's workplace (building), or one's department, or one's trade (sphere of business).
                   I work in a national park
                   she works in the human resources department
                   he mostly works in logging, but sometimes works in carpentry
     22. v.          Followed by as. Said of one's job title
                   I work as a cleaner.
     23. v.          Followed by for. Said of a company or individual who employs.
                   she works for Microsoft
                   he works for the president
     24. v.          Followed by with. General use, said of either fellow employees or instruments or clients.
                   I work closely with my Canadian counterparts
                   you work with computers
                   she works with the homeless people from the suburbs
     25. v. To effect by gradual degrees.
           he worked his way through the crowd
           the dye worked its way through
           using some tweezers, she worked the bee sting out of her hand
     26. v. To embroider with thread.
     27. v. To set into action.
           He worked the levers.
     28. v. To cause to ferment.
     29. v. (intransitive) To ferment.
     30. v. To exhaust, by working.
           The mine was worked until the last scrap of ore had been extracted.
     31. v. To shape, form, or improve a material.
           He used pliers to work the wire into shape.
     32. v. To operate in a certain place, area, or speciality.
           she works the night clubs
           the salesman works the Midwest
           this artist works mostly in acrylics
     33. v. To operate in or through; as, to work the phones.
     34. v. To provoke or excite; to influence.
           The rock musician worked the crowd of young girls into a frenzy.
     35. v. To use or manipulate to one’s advantage.
           She knows how to work the system.
     36. v. To cause to happen or to occur as a consequence.
           I cannot work a miracle.
     37. v. To cause to work.
           He is working his servants hard.
     38. v. (intransitive) To function correctly; to act as intended; to achieve the goal designed for.
           he pointed at the car and asked, "Does it work"?;  he looked at the bottle of pain pills, wondering if they would work;  my plan didn’t work
     39. v. (intransitive, figuratively) To influence.
           They worked on her to join the group.
     40. v. (intransitive) To effect by gradual degrees; as, to work into the earth.
     41. v. (intransitive) To move in an agitated manner.
           His fingers worked with tension.
           A ship works in a heavy sea.
     42. v. (intransitive) To behave in a certain way when handled
           this dough does not work easily;  the soft metal works well
     43. v. (transitive, with two objects, poetic) To cause (someone) to feel (something); to do unto somebody (something, whether good or bad).
     44. v. (obsolete, intransitive) To hurt; to ache.
she had got of work begun
relied for results on hard work
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary