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Word and Radical Components of

The Chinese word 药 is analysed below into its constituent words and the words into radicals. By seeing the breakdown of the word in this way you can more easily learn and recognise the word.


Component Pinyin Meanings
yào 1. medicine; drug; pharmaceutical
yào 2. Angelica dahurica
     吃藥 - to take the medicine; slang to take illicit drugs
3. orris root
4. substance used for a particular purpose (e.g. poisoning, fermenting, explosion)
5. leaf of the iris
     下藥 - to poison
6. leaf of the Angelica dahurica
7. to treat; to cure
8. usage. This is the simplified form of 藥 that was used in Singapore from 1969 to 1976. Singapore, like the PRC, now uses 药.
9. to poison

药 ⇨ 艹 + 约
Component Pinyin Meanings
cǎo 1. usage. grass
2. usage. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №12
3. usage. In the (Kangxi Dictionary) there are 1,902 characters (out of 40,000) that use this radical, making it the most commonly used radical.
4. usage. The character草 is now used for this sense.
yuē, yāo 1. to make an appointment; to arrange
2. appointment; meeting; arrangement
3. treaty; agreement; covenant; pact
4. to invite or ask in advance
5. (mathematics) to reduce (a fraction)
6. (colloquial) to weigh; to weigh on a balance or scale
7. approximately; about

约 ⇨ 纟 + 勺
Component Pinyin Meanings
1. silk
2. KangXi radical 120
sháo 1. spoon, ladle
2. unit of volume
3. spoon; ladle

勺 ⇨ 勹 + 丶
Component Pinyin Meanings
bāo 1. wrap
zhǔ 1. dot
2. n. (Chinese calligraphy) the dot stroke (namedneeds checking