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The Sounds of Spanish

Below is a list of the common sounds of Spanish and the letter groups used to represent these sounds. Letters and groups of letters may have different sounds, and this is shown along with their IPA symbols (International Phonetic Alphabet) and their frequency of occurrence.

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Spelling IPA Frequency Example
a
a95.14%escucha
ä4.26%mantequilla 
ã0.38%mano 
ɑ0.23%cabeza 
b
b51.33%bien 
β48.67%ib
c
k65.07%caballo 
θ33.82%cirugía 
s1.10%onc
ch
100.00%hech
d
ð59.56%rued
d40.44%dedo 
e
e97.53%abuelo 
2.07%señor 
ɛ0.39%guerrero 
f
f100.00%marfil 
g
ɡ43.71%lengua 
ɣ32.93%preguntar 
x18.56%cirugía 
g3.59%sinvergüenza 
ɰ1.20%suegra 
h
silent100.00%hace 
i
i70.45%cirugía 
j29.26%bien 
ĩ0.28%domingo 
j
x95.96%espej
χ4.04%juez 
k
k100.00%kilómetro 
l
l100.00%luz 
ll
ʎ95.16%anill
ʝ4.84%martill
m
m100.00%camello 
n
n92.21%mantequilla 
ŋ5.19%blanco 
m1.04%sinvergüenza 
ɲ0.35%poncho 
o
o98.73%sábado 
õ0.95%entonces 
ɔ0.32%formación 
p
p100.00%pollo 
qu
k100.00%quince 
r
ɾ85.43%licor 
r14.57%ciervo 
rr
r100.00%guerrero 
s
s99.14%dos 
z0.86%mismo 
t
t100.00%hast
u
u70.15%una 
w26.15%jueves 
silent3.38%guerra 
ũ0.31%preguntar 
v
b54.86%vino 
β45.14%jueves 
x
ks100.00%extraño 
y
ʝ44.74%y
j42.11%buey 
i13.16%muy 
z
θ100.00%nariz 
á
a100.00%sábado 
é
e100.00%té 
í
i100.00%cirugí
ñ
ɲ97.37%niñ
ɳ2.63%añadir 
ó
o94.23%corazó
õ5.77%conversació
ú
u100.00%túnel 
ü
w100.00%vergüenza