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The Sounds of Spanish

Below is a list of the common sounds of Spanish and the letter groups used to represent these sounds. Letters and groups of letters may have different sounds, and this is shown along with their IPA symbols (International Phonetic Alphabet) and their frequency of occurrence.

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Spelling IPA Frequency Example
a
a95.14%camisa 
ä4.26%mantequilla 
ã0.38%mano 
ɑ0.23%cabeza 
b
b51.33%bahía 
β48.67%cub
c
k65.07%codo 
θ33.82%edificio 
s1.10%onc
ch
100.00%much
d
ð59.56%comid
d40.44%desd
e
e97.53%verde 
2.07%entonces 
ɛ0.39%guerrero 
f
f100.00%perfume 
g
ɡ43.71%amig
ɣ32.93%preguntar 
x18.56%ingeniero 
g3.59%alg
ɰ1.20%guante 
h
silent100.00%alcohol 
i
i70.45%vino 
j29.26%tiempo 
ĩ0.28%domingo 
j
x95.96%reloj 
χ4.04%juez 
k
k100.00%kilómetro 
l
l100.00%colina 
ll
ʎ95.16%poll
ʝ4.84%martill
m
m100.00%menos 
n
n92.21%manzan
ŋ5.19%domingo 
m1.04%sinvergüenza 
ɲ0.35%poncho 
o
o98.73%no 
õ0.95%entonces 
ɔ0.32%formación 
p
p100.00%cuerp
qu
k100.00%aquí 
r
ɾ85.43%hacer 
r14.57%bailar 
rr
r100.00%tierr
s
s99.14%suya 
z0.86%mismo 
t
t100.00%entonces 
u
u70.15%mucho 
w26.15%nueve 
silent3.38%guerrero 
ũ0.31%preguntar 
v
b54.86%cierv
β45.14%clav
x
ks100.00%extraño 
y
ʝ44.74%inyección 
j42.11%tuy
i13.16%hay 
z
θ100.00%calabaz
á
a100.00%sábado 
é
e100.00%miércoles 
í
i100.00%tí
ñ
ɲ97.37%arañ
ɳ2.63%añadir 
ó
o94.23%marró
õ5.77%conversació
ú
u100.00%azúcar 
ü
w100.00%vergüenza