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Google Translation:
Woher er plötzlich den Mut nahm und laut schreiend auf die Treppe zu rannte, wußte er selbst nicht

woher
     1. adv. where from
           Woher kommt ihr? - (informal, plural) Where do you come from?.
     3. adv. how
           Woher soll ich das wissen? - How should I know?.
er
     1. pron. (personal) he.
           Wo ist Klaus? Wo ist er? — Where is Klaus? Where is he? (audio, De-wo ist klaus.ogg)
     3. pron. (personal) it (when the grammatical gender of the object/article/thing/animal etc., being referred to, is masculine (der)).
           Dies ist mein Hund. Er heißt Waldi. — This is my dog. Its name is Waldi. (audio, De-Dies ist mein hund.ogg)
           Dort steht ein Baum. Er ist über hundert Jahre alt. — There stands a tree. It is more than 100 years old. (audio, De-Dort_steht_ein_baum.ogg)
plö
tzlich
den
     1. art. the; accusative masculine singular of der
     2. art. the; dative plural for all genders of der
     3. pron. that; whom; accusative singular of der
Mut
     1. n-m. courage, bravery
     2. n-m. mood
nahm
     1. v. Past tense of nehmen, to take.
     nehmen
          1. v. to take
                jemandem etwas nehmen — “to take something from someone”
                einen Anfang nehmen — “to begin” (Literally, “to take a beginning”)
                ein Haus in Pacht nehmen — “to lease a house” (Literally, “to take a house in lease”)
                das Wort nehmen — “to begin to speak” (Literally, “to take a word”)
          6. v. (reflexive) to cause oneself to be (in some state); to become; to take oneself (to some state)
                Nimm dich in Acht! - Take care!
          8. v. to seize; to capture
          9. v. to receive; to accept
und
     1. conj. (co-ordinating) and
           Kaffee und Kuchen - coffee and cake
           Ich kam, sah und siegte. - I came, saw, and conquered.
     4. interj. so?, now?
           Und? Wie ist es gelaufen? - So? How did it go?
laut
     1. adj. loud, noisy
     2. prep. according to
schreiend
     1. v. present participle of schreien
auf
     1. prep. (with dative) on, upon
           Das Buch liegt auf dem Tisch.
             The book is lying on the table.
     4. prep. (with accusative) on, onto
           Leg das Buch auf den Tisch!
             Put the book on the table!
     7. prep. (colloquial, otherwise archaic, regional, northern and western Germany) on (a day; usually of the week)
           Du kannst doch auf (’n) Sonntag nich’ den Rasen mähen!
             You can’t mow the lawn on a Sunday!
     10. adv. (somewhat, informal) open
           Die Tür ist auf.
             The door is open.
     13. adv. (colloquial) finished; gone (food)
           Hast du deine Suppe auf?
             Have you finished your soup?
           Die Milch is’ auf.
             The milk is gone. (= All the milk has been consumed.)
     18. interj. carry on
     19. interj. have a go
die
     1. art. The; declined form of der
           die Frau — “the woman”
           die Männer — “the men”
     4. pron. (in a subordinate clause as a relative pronoun) That; which; who; whom; whose.
           Ich kenne eine Frau, die das kann. — “I know a woman who can do that.”
     6. pron. (as a demonstrative pronoun) This one; that one; these ones; those ones; she; her; it; they; them
           die da — “that one (or she or they) there”
     der
          1. art. the; definite article for several declensions:
          2. art.    Nominative singular masculine
          3. art.    Genitive singular feminine
          4. art.    Dative singular feminine
          5. art.    Genitive plural for all genders.
          6. pron. who; that; which
                Ich kenne einen Mann, der das kann. - I know a man who can do that.
          8. pron. (attributive, stressed) that
                Der Mann war es! - It was that man!
          10. pron. (indicative) him, he
                Der hat es getan! - It was him who did it!
          12. pron. (differential) the one, him
                Der mit dem Mantel - The one with the coat
Treppe
     1. n-f. stairs
zu
     1. prep. to, towards
           zum Bahnhof - to the train station.
     3. prep. along with; with
           Wasser zum Essen trinken - to drink water with one's meal
     5. prep. at, by, on
           zu Hause - at home.
     7. prep. with respect to
           zu Punkt 1 bemerke ich - with respect to item 1 let me remark.
     9. part. for; in order to; Used with infinitive of verbs.
           etwas zu essen - something to eat.
     11. adv. to, towards
     12. adv. closed, shut
           Das Geschäft war zu. - The shop was closed.
     14. adv. too; excessively
           zu schnell - too fast.
     16. adv. (informal, slang) hammered; very drunk
rannte
     1. v. first-person singular past tense of rennen (I ran)
     2. v. third-person singular past tense of rennen (he ran)
     rennen
          1. v. (intransitive, auxiliary: “sein”) to run; to race; to sprint (said of competeting sportsmen, animals etc.)
                So schnell wie Mike rennt niemand in der Klasse. — In this class, nobody runs as fast as Mike.
                Der Gepard ist das Säugetier, welches am schnellsten rennen kann. — The cheetah is the mammal which can run the fastest.
          4. v. (transitive, auxiliary: “haben”) to run over (someone)
                jemanden zu Boden rennen — “to run someone to the ground”
wuß
te
er
     1. pron. (personal) he.
           Wo ist Klaus? Wo ist er? — Where is Klaus? Where is he? (audio, De-wo ist klaus.ogg)
     3. pron. (personal) it (when the grammatical gender of the object/article/thing/animal etc., being referred to, is masculine (der)).
           Dies ist mein Hund. Er heißt Waldi. — This is my dog. Its name is Waldi. (audio, De-Dies ist mein hund.ogg)
           Dort steht ein Baum. Er ist über hundert Jahre alt. — There stands a tree. It is more than 100 years old. (audio, De-Dort_steht_ein_baum.ogg)
selbst
     1. part. personally, by oneself
           Du hast es selbst zugegeben.
             You yourself admitted it.
           der Mann selbst hat uns es gesagt
             the man himself (personally) told us
     6. adv. even
           Selbst du hast es zugegeben.
             Even you admitted it.
nicht
     1. adv. not
           Bitte nicht stören!
             Please do not disturb!
           Das ist nicht wahr.
             That is not true.
     6. interj. (tag question, dated or formal) right?; is it?; is it not?
           Du bist sicher die Claudia, nicht?
             You must be Claudia, aren't you?
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary