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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%ta
ə28.99%pajama
20.57%gra
ɑ5.03%aunt 
ɛ3.47%tomato 
a2.75%ladder 
ɪ1.92%mountain 
ɔ1.63%wall 
ɒ1.23%watch 
ʌ0.54%wasn't 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%butcher 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%candy 
s22.81%pencil 
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%dream 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%pepper 
ɪ22.88%believe 
ə18.90%scalpe
i8.37%appreciate 
e4.39%vegetable 
ɪə1.70%beer 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%fence 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%magazine 
27.65%engineer 
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%energ
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%handbag 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%television 
15.34%quite 
i4.64%taxi 
ə3.88%security 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%jeans 
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%shak
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%clutch 
ɫ1.39%silver 
əl0.60%real 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%mouth 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%abandon 
ŋ3.52%handkerchief 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%broccoli 
ɒ26.97%no
əʊ16.92%social 
o6.88%saxophone 
ʌ5.85%colour 
ɔ5.28%fourteen 
ɑ5.11%photographer 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%pension 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%library 
r24.03%geography 
ə3.31%furnitur
əɹ3.20%during 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%mas
z17.28%does 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%usually 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%salt 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%trumpet 
ju19.51%perfume 
ə13.04%pressure 
u7.19%flute 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%pull 
ɪ1.44%guitar 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%ivory 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%would 
ʊ4.61%crowbar 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%tax
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%luxury 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%fifty 
ɪ15.58%boy 
10.59%psychological 
j4.36%yellow 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%lizard