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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%rabbit 
ə28.99%usually 
20.57%potato 
ɑ5.03%class 
ɛ3.47%carrot 
a2.75%ladder 
ɪ1.92%mountain 
ɔ1.63%wall 
ɒ1.23%yacht 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%broccoli 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%coconut 
s22.81%spic
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%driver 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%necklace 
ɪ22.88%engineer 
ə18.90%lavender 
i8.37%species 
e4.39%helicopter 
ɪə1.70%beer 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%finger 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%incongruous 
27.65%surgeon 
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%hammer 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%dentist 
15.34%smile 
i4.64%radi
ə3.88%penci
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%jacket 
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%pumpkin 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%animal 
ɫ1.39%silver 
əl0.60%cruel 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%plumber 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%canoe 
ŋ3.52%blanket 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%microwave 
ɒ26.97%body 
əʊ16.92%nose 
o6.88%potato 
ʌ5.85%mother-in-law 
ɔ5.28%point 
ɑ5.11%hospital 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%hip 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%bridge 
r24.03%triangle 
ə3.31%furnitur
əɹ3.20%security 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%sponge 
z17.28%nos
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%table 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%thumb 
ju19.51%perfume 
ə13.04%luxury 
u7.19%ruler 
5.44%security 
ʊ4.93%butcher 
ɪ1.44%guitar 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%stov
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%window 
ʊ4.61%crowbar 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%sixty 
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%anxious 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%fifty 
ɪ15.58%bicycle 
10.59%psychiatrist 
j4.36%yacht 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%lizard