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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%dashboard 
ə28.99%abandon 
20.57%newspaper 
ɑ5.03%pasta 
ɛ3.47%airplane 
a2.75%cast 
ɪ1.92%chocolate 
ɔ1.63%called 
ɒ1.23%dishwasher 
ʌ0.54%wasn't 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%keyboard 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%car 
s22.81%vic
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%food 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%detective 
ɪ22.88%exhaust 
ə18.90%toile
i8.37%geography 
e4.39%vegetable 
ɪə1.70%deer 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%fourteen 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%magazine 
27.65%surgeon 
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%handkerchief 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%swi
15.34%write 
i4.64%taxi 
ə3.88%cousi
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%require 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%jeans 
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%look 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%lip 
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%real 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%mask 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%pian
ŋ3.52%uncle 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%ivory 
ɒ26.97%do
əʊ16.92%robe 
o6.88%coconut 
ʌ5.85%tongue 
ɔ5.28%appointment 
ɑ5.11%stocking 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%sponge 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%truck 
r24.03%pressure 
ə3.31%flour 
əɹ3.20%temperatur
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%sleep 
z17.28%chees
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%usually 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%skirt 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%brush 
ju19.51%issu
ə13.04%beautifu
u7.19%ruler 
5.44%security 
ʊ4.93%pull 
ɪ1.44%guitar 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%vitamin 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%woman 
ʊ4.61%crowbar 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%ax
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%luxury 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%energy 
ɪ15.58%boy 
10.59%why 
j4.36%yacht 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%lizard