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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%piano 
ə28.99%magazine 
20.57%cave 
ɑ5.03%aunt 
ɛ3.47%airplane 
a2.75%cabbage 
ɪ1.92%mountain 
ɔ1.63%talk 
ɒ1.23%watch 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%ambulance 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%security 
s22.81%pencil 
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%hold 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%television 
ɪ22.88%chicke
ə18.90%tunne
i8.37%regional 
e4.39%vegetable 
ɪə1.70%beer 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%farmer 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%goat 
27.65%bandag
ʒ4.48%judg
d͡ʒ4.19%energ
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%heart 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%television 
15.34%psychiatrist 
i4.64%helicopter 
ə3.88%cousi
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%pajamas 
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%shak
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%bowl 
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%real 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%mouth 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%crimson 
ŋ3.52%sin
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%moto
ɒ26.97%bottom 
əʊ16.92%nose 
o6.88%piano 
ʌ5.85%colour 
ɔ5.28%fourteen 
ɑ5.11%photographer 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%purple 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%refrigerator 
r24.03%geography 
ə3.31%flour 
əɹ3.20%temperatur
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%street 
z17.28%transport 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%towel 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%voluptuous 
ju19.51%usually 
ə13.04%luxury 
u7.19%flute 
5.44%security 
ʊ4.93%sugar 
ɪ1.44%guitar 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%television 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%whale 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%saxophone 
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%anxious 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%baby 
ɪ15.58%bicycle 
10.59%butterfly 
j4.36%yacht 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%razor