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Word and Radical Components of 外科手术

The Chinese word 外科手术 is analysed below into its constituent words and the words into radicals. By seeing the breakdown of the word in this way you can more easily learn and recognise the word.


Component Pinyin Meanings
外科手术 1. surgery

外科手术 ⇨ 外 + 科 + 手 + 术
Component Pinyin Meanings
wài 1. out, outside, external
2. beyond, above
3. not of one's own family, clan, locality, school, country, etc.; foreign
4. relatives of one's mother, sister or daughter
     外婆 - maternal grandmother
     外孫 - daughter's son
     外祖父 - maternal grandfather
1. sort; class; kind
2. law; regulation
3. (historical) imperial examination
4. article; clause
5. norms; rules
6. division; branch (of study)
7. section; department
8. (taxonomy) family
9. to pass a sentence
10. to check; to examine
11. to punish; to fine or levy taxes
shǒu 1. hand
2. expert; master
     高手 - master
3. -ist; -er
     歌手 - singer
4. convenient; handy
     手機 - mobile phone
     手冊 - handbook
shù 1. art; craft; skill; technique
zhú 2. a type of millet
     醫術 - the art of healing
3. method; tactics
     權術 - political manoeuvre

外 ⇨ 夕 + 卜
Component Pinyin Meanings
1. evening, night, dusk
2. slanted
3. n. night; evening; dusk
bó, bo 1. divination
2. radish
3. to desire, want, long for
4. fortune telling
5. n. (now literary) radish
6. intend
7. prophecy
8. wish, desire
9. a surname
10. to wish, to desire, to want
11. v. (lb, cmn, literary) to divine
      。 - If a workman wishes to do a good job, he must first sharpen his tools., ref=Duke Ling of Wei, Analects of Confucius (《論語·衛靈公》)
      閣下 電郵 聯絡 政府 資訊 中心 透過 網頁:XYZ 傳送 問題。 - Please send your enquiries and suggestions to the Public Information Centre by email via the homepage: XYZ.
12. about to
13. (Hokkien, Min Dong) to want
      圖書館 ? - Do you want to go to the library with me?, MN
14. (Hokkien, Min Dong) about to
      落雨 著着 出去 收衫。 - It's about to rain! Let's go out to bring in the laundry., MN, tr=Beh lo̍h-hō͘--ah, lán tio̍h chhut-khì siu-saⁿ.
15. (Hokkien) if
      較早 。 - If I were you, I would've slept earlier., MN

科 ⇨ 禾 + 斗
Component Pinyin Meanings
1. grain; cereal
2. rice plant
dòu 1. dipper
2. to fight, to struggle
     爭鬥 - to fight
     戰鬥 - battle
3. to make animals fight
     鬥雞 - cockfighting
     鬥牛 - bull-fight
4. to contend, to compete with
     鬥爭 - conflict
     鬥嘴 - to squabble
5. to strive one's best
     奮鬥 - to work at one's utmost
6. (archaic) (of stars) to collide with each other
7. chaotic, disorderly, helter-skelter
8. to take the opportunity to ..., to do something while it's ...
9. to meet, to encounter, to face
10. to face, to confront, to front, to be opposite
11. to piece together, to fit together
12. (dialectal) to help, to assist
13. (dialectal) very, quite
14. (dialectal) to collude, to plot
15. fine tea, tea of the best quality
16. (dialectal) bird nest
17. (zh-alt-form, 逗, to tease, to play with)
18. (zh-alt-form, 兜, to solicit (customers or business))
19. (zh-alt-form, 陡, suddenly, in a sudden)

术 ⇨ 木 + 丶
Component Pinyin Meanings
     (zh-syn, )
     樹木 - tree
1. wood; timber
     木頭tou - log
2. wooden
3. simple; plain; slow; emotionless
4. (Mandarin, neologism, slang) (eye dialect of 沒)
     有木有 - d'ya have…
5. numb
     麻木 - numb, insensitive
zhǔ 1. dot
2. n. (Chinese calligraphy) the dot stroke (namedneeds checking